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Full text of "Acts and votes of Parliament relating to the British Museum with the Statutes and rules thereof, and the succession of trustees and officers."

%i (o'-67 



or 



Natural History Museum Library 



ACTS AND VOTES 

OF 

PARLIAMENT 

RELATING TO 

THE BRITISH MUSEUM, 

WITH THE 

STATUTES AND RULES THEREOF, 

AND THE SUCCESSION OF 

TRUSTEES AND OFFICERS. 



LONDON: 

printed by w. bulmer and co. cleveland-row, 
st. james's. 

1805. 



31 OCT 



PRESENTED 



ACTS AND VOTES 

OF 

PARLIAMENT. 
1753—1805. 



ACTS AND EXTRACTS OF ACTS. 



26 V_xEO. II. For the Purchase of the Museum or Col- 

lection of Sir Hans Sloane ; and of the Harleian 
Collection, fyc. and of the Cottonian Library, fyc. p. f 

27 Geo. II. For impowering a certain Number of the 

Trustees of the British Museum to do certain Acts, 
fyc. 46* 

28 Geo. II. For vesting Montagu House in Trustees, 

$c. to convey the same to the Trustees of the British 
Museum, for a General Repository, Spc. - 49 

7 Geo. III. To enable the Trustees of the British 
Museum to exchange, sell, or dispose of any Dupli- 
cates, SfC - - - - 58 

45 Geo. III. Exemptions of the Income of the British 
Museum from any Charge by Reason of the Property 
Tax, SfC 62 

45 Geo. III. For vesting the Townleian Collection of 
antient Sculpture in the Trustees of the British 
Museum, SfC. 64 

VOTES. 

1772. 20 Martii. For the Purchase of Sir William 
Hamilton's Collection of Etruscan, Grecian, and- 
Roman Antiquities - 81 

1804. 2 Julii, Sf-c. Grant of .£8000. towards an addi- 
tional Building for the Reception of the Egyptian 
Antiquities 82 

1805. 12 Feb. #c. Grant of a further Sum of £8000. 
towards the same Purposes - 86 

1805. 5 June, SfC Grant of £20,000. for the Purchase 

of the Townleian Collection of antient Sculpture 89 



ACTS AND VOTES, &c. 



26 GEORGII II. REGIS. 



An Act for the Purchase of the Museum, or 
Collection of Sir Hans Sloane, and of the 
Harleian Collection of Manuscripts ; and for 
providing One General Repository for the 
better Reception and more convenient -Use of 
the said Collections ; and of the Cottonian 
Library, and of the Additions thereto. 

Whereas Sir Hans Sloane of Chelsea, in Preamble, re- 

citing the Co- 

the County of Middlesex Baronet, having, ^ui^sir 
through the Course of many Years, w \th. Hans Sloa ™' 
great Labour and Expence, gathered together 
whatever could be procured either in our 
own or foreign Countries, that was rare and 
curious, did, by a Codicil bearing Date the 
Twentieth Day of July in the Year of our 
Lord One thousand seven hundred and forty- 
nine, and annexed to his last Will and 



8 



Acts and Votes t 8$c. 



Testament, after having expressed his Will 
and Desire that his Collection, in all its 
Branches, might be, if it were possible, kept 
and preserved together Whole and Intire, in 
his Manor House in the Parish of Chelsea, 
give, devise, and bequeath, to certainTrustees 
therein named, all chat his Collection or 
Museum, at, in, or about, his said Manor 
House, consisting of all his Library of Books, 
Drawings, Manuscripts, Prints, Medals, and 
Coins, ancient and modern, Seals, Cameas, 
and Intaglios, Precious Stones, Agates, 
Jaspers, Vessels of Agate and Jasper, Chrys- 
tals, Mathematical Instruments, Drawings, 
and Pictures, and all other Things in the 
said Collection or Museum, more particu- 
larly described and numbered, with short 
Histories or Accounts of them, with proper 
References in certain Catalogues by him 
made, containing Thirty- eight Volumes in 
Folio, and Eight Volumes in Quarto, (except 
such Pictures as are not marked with the 
Word Collection), to have and to hold to 
them and their Successors and Assigns for 
ever, for such Purposes, and with such Powers, 
and under such Restrictions, as in the said 
Codicil are expressed, willing and desiring 
thereby, that the said Trustees, or any Seven 



26 Georgii II. 



or more of them, should make their humble 
Application to His Majesty, or to Parliament, 
at the next Session after his Decease, as 
should be thought most proper, in order to 
pay the full and clear Sum of Twenty thou- 
sand Pounds, of lawful Money of Great 
Britain, unto his Executors, or the Survivors 
of them, within Twelve Months after his De- 
cease, in Consideration of the said Collection 
or Museum ; and also to obtain such sufficient 
and effectual Powers and Authorities for 
vesting in the said Trustees, all and every 
Part of his said Collection or Museum before- 
mentioned, in all its Branches ; and also his 
said Capital Manor House, with such Gar- 
dens and Out-houses as should thereunto 
belong and be used by him at the Time of 
his Decease, and also the Water of or belong- 
ing to his Manor of Chelsea coming, from 
Kensington ; and also obtain a sufficient Fund 
or Provision for maintaining and taking Care 
of his said Collection and Premisses, and for 
repairing and supporting his said Manor 
House, Water- work, and Premisses ; but in 
case Payment of the said Sum of Twenty 
thousand Pounds should not be had and ob- 
tained, and made unto his Executors, or the 



Acts and Votes, 8§c. 



Survivors of them, within Twelve Months 
next after his Decease, and no such Act of 
Parliament should be obtained, for settling, 
preserving, establishing, maintaining, and 
continuing, his said Collection and Premisses, 
in such Manner as in his said Codicil is ex- 
pressed, then, and not otherwise, his Will 
was, and he did in such Case thereby direct; 
That his said Executors, or the Survivors of 
them, should, for the like Sum of Twenty 
thousand Pounds, sell and dispose of all and 
every Part of the said Collection and Museum, 
as before described, together with the Cata- 
logues thereto belonging, for the Use of the 
several foreign Academies therein described, 
and in the Manner therein mentioned; and 
that in case the said offer should not be ac- 
cepted by either of the said foreign Acade- 
mies, his Executors, or the Survivors of them, 
should be at Liberty with all convenient 
Speed to sell and dispose of all and every 
Part of his said Museum or Collection, in the 
most speedy and advantageous Manner ; and 
that the Monies arising by such Sale or Dis- 
position should be considered as Part of his 
Personal Estate; and further his Will was, 
and he did thereby direct, That in case his 



26 Georgii II. 



said Collection should be sold or disposed of 
to either of the said foreign Academies, or in 
case of their Refusal, or Non-acceptance by 
his Executors, or the Survivors of them, that 
then his said Manor House and Garden, with 
the Appurtenances and the Water, should go 
and belong to such Person or Persons, and in 
such Manner, as he had given and devised 
the Rest of his Manors, Lands, and Tene- 
ments, at Chelsea, or elsewhere, as by the said 
Codicil, Relation being thereunto had, may 
more fully and at large appear : And whereas 
the said Sir Hans Shane having, by several 
other Codicils of a subsequent Date, annexed 
to his said Will, added to the Number of the 
said Trustees, did, on or about the Eleventh 
Day of January One thousand seven hundred 
and fifty-three, depart this Life : And whereas 
the said Trustees, or Seven or more of them, 
have, pursuant to, the Will and Intention of 
the said Sir Hans Sloane, in this Session of 
Parliament, being the next Session after his 
Decease, made their Application for Payment 
of the said Sum of Twenty thousand Pounds, 
in consideration of the said Collection or 
Museum.: And whereas the said Trustees, at 
a General Meeting assembled, have consented 



Acts and Votes, 8$c. 



to the Removal of the said Museum or Col- 
lection from the Manor House at Chelsea, to 
any proper Place within the Cities of London 
or Westminster, or the Suburbs thereof, if 
such Removal shall be judged most advan- 
tageous to the Publick, so as the said Collec- 
tion be preserved intire without the least 
Diminution or Separation, and be kept for 
the Use and Benefit of the Publick, with free 
Access to view and peruse the same, at all 
stated and convenient Seasons agreeable to 
the Will and Intentions of the Testator, and 
under such Restrictions as the Parliament 
shall think fit : And whereas the said Museum 
or Collection of Sir Hans Shane is of much 
greater intrinsick Value than the Sum of 
Twenty thousand Pounds : And whereas all 
Arts and Sciences have a Connection with 
each other, and Discoveries in Natural Phi- 
losophy,, and other Branches of speculative 
Knowledge, for the Advancement and Im- 
provement whereof the said Museum or Col- 
lection was intended, do and may, in many 
Instances, give Help and Success to the most 
useful Experiments and Inventions ; therefore 
to the End that the said Museum or Collec- 
tion may be preserved and maintained, not 



26 Georgii II. 



13 



only for the Inspection and Entertainment of 
the Learned and the Curious, but for the 
General Use and Benefit of the Publick; may 
it please Your most Excellent Majesty, that 
it may be enacted ; and be it enacted by the 
King's most Excellent Majesty, by and with 
the Advice and Consent of the Lords Spiritual 
and Temporal, and Commons, in this present 
Parliament assembled, and by the Authority 
of the same, That out of all or any of the The Sum of 

20,000/. to be 

Monies to be raised by virtue of this Act, the paid to the ex. 

" ecutors of Sir 

full and clear sum of Twenty thousand Pounds Hanssioane,™ 

0 full Satisfaction 

of lawful Money of Great Britain, shall be £ c rhis Museum > 
paid in Manner herein-after mentioned to the 
Executors of Sir Hans Sloane, or the Survivors 
or Survivor of them, in full Satisfaction for 
the said Museum or Collection herein-before 
described, and for the Use of the said Manor 
House and Garden, with their Appurtenances, 
and of the said Water, until a more conve- 
nient Repository, more durable and more safe 
from Fire, and nearer to the chief Places of 
Publick Resort, shall be provided for the Re- 
ception of the said Museum or Collection, in 
Manner herein-after mentioned. 

And whereas by an act, made in the Twelfth Recital of 
and Thirteenth Years of the Reign of King Act Of 12 & IS 



14 



Acts and Votes, fyc. 



mil in. con- William the Third, intituled, An Act for the 
c7uonian he better settling and preserving the Library kept 
Ubrary. ^ ^ House at Westminster, called Cotton 
House, in the Name and Family of the Cottons, 
for the Benefit of the Publicity reciting, That 
Sir Robert Cotton, late of Connington, in the 
County of Huntingdon, Baronet, did, at his 
own great Charge, and by the Assistance of 
the most learned Antiquaries of his Time, 
collect and purchase the most useful Manu- 
scripts, written Books, Papers, Parchments, 
Records, and other Memorials, in most Lan- 
guages, of great Use and Service for the 
Knowledge and Preservation of our Con- 
stitution both in Church and State; and 
further reciting, That the said Library had 
been preserved with the utmost Care by Sir 
Thomas Cotton, Son of the said Sir Robert, 
and by Sir John Cotton, then living, Grand- 
son of the said Sir Robert; and had been 
very much augmented by them, and lodged 
in a very proper Place in the said Sir 
John's ancient Mansion House at West- 
minster, for publick Use and Advantage ; it 
was enacted, That the said Mansion House, 
with the Garden, and all other Appur- 
tenances, and also the said Library, should 



26 Georgii II. 



IB 



be vested in Trustees in the said Act named, 
and their Successors, for ever, for the Pur- 
poses therein mentioned ; and as for and 
concerning the said Library, and the Room 
wherein the same was or should be contained, 
together with a convenient Passage for re- 
sorting thereunto, upon this Trust and Con- 
fidence, that the said Trustees, and their 
Successors, should, from Time to Time, and 
at all Times thereafter, as Occasion should 
require, inspect, consult, and take Care of 
the said Library, and other Particulars above- 
mentioned, and also make and appoint such 
Orders and Rules as they should think proper, 
for the reading and using the same, and for 
their better Preservation, and to the Intent 
and Purpose that the said Trustees, or the 
major Part of them, should nominate and 
appoint a good and sufficient Person, well 
read in Antiquities and Records, to have the 
immediate Care and Custody of the said 
Library: And whereas by an Act, made in 
the Fifth Year of the Reign of Queen Anne, and in the Act 

... of 5 Anna:. 

intituled, An Act for the better securing Her 
Majesty's Purchase of Cotton House in West- 
minster; reciting the said former Act, made 
in the Twelfth and Thirteenth Years of the 



Acts and Votes, 8$c. 



Reign of King William the Third ; and also 
reciting, that since the making of the said 
Act, very little had been done in pursuance 
thereof, to make the said Library useful to 
the Publick, except what had been then 
lately done at Her Majesty's Charge, and that 
there was no Way or Passage to set it out, 
as the said Act did direct, nor could there 
be any Way or Passage to the same, but 
through the best Rooms of the House, which 
would render the House wholly useless to 
the Family; so that the Library could not be 
resorted unto, nor had any Orders or Rules 
been appointed for reading or using the 
same, and thereby the Publick was wholly 
deprived of the Benefit designed by the said 
Act; and that the Place wherein the said 
Library was then contained, was a narrow 
little Room, damp and improper for preserv- 
ing the Books and Papers; and that Her 
Majesty, to the Intent so great a Treasure of 
Books and Manuscripts, so generously given 
for the publick Service, might not remain any 
longer useless, and in Danger of perishing 
for Want of due Care, and that it might be 
in Her Majesty's Power to make that most 
valuable Collection useful to Her own Sub- 



2o Gecrgii II. 

jects, and' all learned Foreigners, had given 
Directions for treating with the said Sir John 
Cotton, for the Purchase of the said Cotton 
House and Garden ; and that an Agreement 
had been made for the purchasing the In- 
heritance thereof for the Sum of four Thou- 
sand and five Hundred Pounds, which Her 
Majesty had directed to be paid on the in- 
vesting the Inheritance of the Premises in 
Her Majesty, Her Heirs and Successors, 
which could not be done but by Act cf 
Parliament, the said recited Act having 
directed it might not be sold or aliened ; 
it was therefore enacted, That the said Capital 
Messuage called Cotton House, and the Garden 
and Buildings used and enjoyed with the same, 
with the Appurtenances, should be vested in 
Her Majesty, Her Heirs, and Successors: And 
it was thereby further enacted and declared, 
That a convenient Room should be built in 
or near Part of the said Ground thereby in- 
tended to be vested in Her Majesty, as 
Her Majesty, Her Heirs and Successors, 
should, by Writing, under the Sign Manual, 
appoint ; in which Room when built, all the 
said Manuscripts, written Books, Papers, 
Parchments, Records, and other Memorials, 

B 



18 



Acts and Votes, 



as also all Coins, Medals, and other Rarities 
and Curiosities in the said Library contained, 
should be lodged and there remain to all 
Posterity ; and that the said Room when 
built, should for ever be called and known 
by the Name of the Cottonian Library ; and 
that from the Building thereof, the said Li- 
brary should be managed and directed by 
the Trustees therein named, as Trustees to 
and for the Use of the Publick for ever : 
And whereas although the publick Faith hath 
been thus engaged to provide for the better 
Reception and more convenient Use of the 
Cottonian Library, a proper Repository for 
that purpose hath not yet been prepared ; for 
the want of which, the said Library did, in the 
Year of our Lord One thousand seven hundred 
and thirty-one, suffer by a Fire, which consumed 
the House wherein the same was then placed, 
and what remains of the said Library still 
continues in the Room, to which upon the 
Occasion of the said Fire it was removed ; 
and Persons desirous to view and consult the 
Treasure of Books and Manuscripts therein 
contained, cannot conveniently resort there- 
R r cc , ita l,? f , Par r t unto : And whereas Arthur Edwards, late of 

of the Will of 7 

AnhurEdwards, Saint George Hanover Square, in the County 



26 Georgii II. 

of Middlesex, Esquire, being desirous to pre- 
serve for the publick Use the said Library, 
and to prevent the like Accident for the fu- 
ture, did, by his last Will and Testament, 
bearing- Date the Eleventh Day of June, in 
the Year of our Lord One thousand seven 
hundred and thirty- eight, and duly proved 
in the Prerogative Court of Canterbury, give, 
devise, and bequeath, unto the Trustees of 
the said Library, the Sum of Seven thousand 
Pounds (if his Effects real and Personal, not 
before disposed of by that his Will and Tes- 
tament, should, after the Decease of Mistress 
Elizabeth Milles, amount to so much) to erect 
in a proper Situation such a House as might 
be most likely to preserve that Library, as 
much as can be, from all Accidents; but if 
it should so happen, that before this Part of 
his Will could take Place, there should be 
erected such a proper Building for this Use, 
then he did give, devise, and bequeath, the 
aforesaid Sum of Seven thousand Pounds to 
the said Trustees, to be employed in purcha- 
sing such Manuscripts, Books of Antiquities, 
ancient Coins, Medals, and other Curiosities, 
as might be worthy to increase and enlarge 
the said Library; and did also thereby give 
B % 



£0 



Acts and Votes, §c. 



to the said Trustees of the said Library, to he 
placed in some By-room or Corner thereof? 
all his Books, and the Cases in which they 
were then placed, and also his Pictures in his 
said Last Will and Testament described ; 
which Books, Book Cases, and Pictures, he 
did desire and require might be delivered and 
given, as soon after his Decease as might be ? 
to be placed in the said Library ; and which, 
with the Approbation of the said Trustees, 
have been placed according to such Desire in 
the said Library ; be it enacted by the Autho- 
The said rity aforesaid, That when and as soon as the 
7000/. on the Sai d Legacy of Seven thousand Pounds shall 
Elizabeth on the Decease of the said Elizabeth Milks 

Milles, to be 

pai d to and become payable to the Trustees of the Lotto- 

applied by the 

Trustees n i an Library, the same shall be paid to the 

appointed by 

tins Act. Trustees by this Act appointed, for the Pur- 
poses herein-after mentioned, or to such 
Person or Persons as by the said Trustees, or 
the major Part of them, in any General 
Meeting assembled, shall be authorized to 
receive the same ; to be applied by the said 
Trustees hereby appointed, either towards 
erecting or providing a proper Repository for 
the Cottonian Library ; or if such Repository 
shall be erected or provided before the said 



26 Georgii II. 



Legacy shall become pa}^able as aforesaid, 
towards purchasing such Manuscripts, Books 
of Antiquities, ancient Coins, Medals, and 
other Curiosities, as may be worthy to increase 
and enlarge the said Library ; and that the 
Acquittance of any Person or Persons autho- 
rized by the said Trustees, or the major Part 
of them, in a General Meeting assembled to 
receive the said Legacy of Seven thousand 
Pounds, shall be, and be accepted as a suffi- 
cient Discharge to the Executors and Repre- 
sentatives of the said Testator, for the Payment 
of the said Legacy. 

And whereas the Right Honourable Hen- 
rietta Cavendish Holies, Countess of Oxford 
and Countess Mortimer, Relict of Edzvard 
Earl of Oxford and Earl Mortimer, and the 
Most Noble Margaret Cavendish Dutchess of 
Portland their only Daughter, have expressed 
their Approbation of a Proposal for the Pur- 
chase of the valuable Collection of Manu- 
scripts, collected by the said Earl, and by 
Robert Earl of Oxford and Earl Mortimer his 
Eather, in Consideration of the Sum of Ten 
thousand Pounds, upon Condition that the 
same shall be kept together in a proper 
Repository,, as an Addition to the Cottoniam 



22 Acts and Votes, §c. 

Library, and be called by the Name of the 
Harleian Collection of Manuscripts; be it 
further enacted by the Authority aforesaid, 
The Sum of That out of the Monies to be raised by virtue 

1 0,000/. to be 

paid to the of this Act, the full and clear Sum of Ten 

Trustees or the 

Eari and thousand Pounds shall be paid by Order of 

Countess of r «/ 

£tT d for the said Trustees hereby appointed for the 

coikction of Purposes herein-after mentioned, to the 

wSYrTto Trustees for the said Earl and Countess, to 

thewmeRe. whom by an Indenture quadrupartite made 

pository with 

the Cottonian the Second Day of August, in the Eleventh 

^Library. 

1 ear of the Reign of His present Majesty, 
and in the Year of our Lord One thousand 
seven hundred and thirty-seven, the said 
Collection of Manuscripts among other Things 
was assigned for the Purposes in the said In- 
denture mentioned ; the said Collection of 
Manuscripts to be placed and continued in 
the same Repository in which the Cottonian 
Library is herein-after directed to be placed, 
and until the said Repository shall be erected 
or provided, in Manner herein-after men- 
tioned ; to be preserved in the Place where 
the same is now lodged, or in some other 
convenient Place to be approved by the said 
Trustees by this Act appointed, or the major 
Part of them, in a General Meeting assembled, 



<26 Georgii II. 



at the Costs and Charges of the said Trustees 
for the said Earl and Countess, and of the 
Survivors and Survivor of them, and the 
Executors, Administrators, and Assigns of 
such Survivor, and of the Person or Persons 
to whose Use the said Sum of Ten thousand 
Pounds shall be payable for the said Col- 
lection. 

And be it further enacted by the Authority Trustees 

appointed for 

aforesaid, That the Archbishop of Canterbury *£"^ gthi8 
for the Time being, the Lord Chancellor Execution, 
or Lord Keeper of the Great Seal of Great 
Britain for theTime being, the Lord Treasurer 
of Great Britain, or the First Commissioner 
of the Treasury for the Time being, the Lord 
President of the Council for the Time being, 
the Lord Privy Seal for the Time being, the 
Lord High Admiral of Great Britain, or the 
First Commissioner of the Admiralty for the 
Time being, the Lord Steward of His Majesty's 
Houshold for the Time being, the Lord Cham- 
berlain of His Majesty's Houshold for the 
Time being, the Bishop of London for the 
Time being, each of the Principal Secretaries 
of State for the Time being, being a Peer or 
Lord of Parliament, the Speaker of the House 
of Commons for the Time being, each of the 



Acts and Votes, fyc* 



Principal Secretaries of State for the Time 
being, not being a Peer or Lord of Parliament, 
the Chancellor of the Exchequer for the 
Time being, the Lord Chief Justice of the 
Court of King's Bench for the Time being, 
the Master of the Rolls for the Time being, 
the Chief Justice of His Majesty's Court of 
Common Pleas at Westminster for the Time 
being, His Majesty's Attorney General for 
the Time being, His Majesty's Solicitor Gene< 
ral for the Time being, the President of the 
Royal Society for the Time being, the Presi- 
dent of the College of Physicians for the 
Time being, together with the Right Ho- 
nourable Charles Lord Cadogan, and Hans 
Stanley Esquire, and together with Samuel 
Borroughs and Thomas Ilart Esquires, Two of 
the present Trustees of the Cottonian Library, 
(having been so appointed by the Heirs Male 
of the Body of the said Sir Robert Cotton, in 
pursuance of the said herein-before recited 
Acts made in the Twelfth and Thirteenth 
Years of the Reign of Kmg William the Third, 
and in the Fifth Year of the Reign of Queen 
Anne), and together with the Most Noble 
William Duke of Portland, and the Right 
Honourable Edward Earl of Oxford and Earl 



%6 Georgii II. 



25 



Mortimer, shall be Trustees for putting this 

Act in Execution ; and that they, or the major who arc to 

appoint Fifteen 

Part of them, in a General Meeting assembled, other Persons to 

be Associates 

whereof the said Archbishop of Canterbury, to them > 
the Lord Chancellor or Lord Keeper, and the 
Speaker of the House of Commons, shall be 
Three, shall, in such manner as they shall 
think fit, elect and nominate Fifteen other 
Persons to be associated to them in the exe- 
cution of the Trusts hereby in them reposed ; 
which Fifteen Persons, so elected and nomi- who are to 

li'ii i • r m /» COQ ti nue Trus- 

nated, shall be and continue for the lerm of tees for Life. 

their natural Lives, Trustees for putting this 

Act in Execution, with the like Power, in all 

Respects, as hereby is given to the Trustees 

herein-before first appointed ; and when any 

of the said Trustees so elected and nominated Election of 

shall die, the Trustees herein-before first ?o beTnadeTn 

l i i ♦ o ^e R° om °^ 

appointed, and their Successors, shall in like such as shall 

die. 

Manner elect and nominate a fit Person or 
Persons to supply the Place or Places of him 
or them so dying ; and so toties quoties, as any 
of the said Trustees so elected and nominated, 
•or others so elected and nominated, to supply 
their Places, shall happen to die. 

Provided always, and be it enacted by the Nomination of 

a Trusteee 

Authority aforesaid, That when either the vacant by the 



26 



Acts and Votes, 8$c. 



Death of Lord said Charles Lord Cadogan, or Hans Stanley, 

Cadogan, or 

Hans st&nicy. shall die, it shall and may be lawful for the 
Survivor to nominate another fit Person to 
succeed the Deceased in the Place of a 
Trustee so vacant; and after the Decease of 
both of them (the said Charles Lord Cadogan 
and Hans Stanley), it shall and may be lawful 
for the Heirs Male of their Bodies, and upon 
Failure of the Heirs Male of the Body of 
either of them, to and for the Heirs Male of 
the Body of the other of them, being of full 
Age, or their respective Guardian or Guar- 
dians during their Minority, to nominate a 
Trustee for the Purposes of this Act, in the 
Room of the Person last nominated by the 
Survivor of them ; and so as often as any Person 
supplying the Place of the said Charles Lord 
Cadogan, or Hans Stanley, shall happen to die. 

Nomination of 

Provided also, and be it enacted by the 

«i ^Trustee 

vacant by the Authority aforesaid, That when either the 

Death of Sa- - , 

muei Burroughs, said Samuel Burroughs, or Thomas Hart, shall 

m Thomas Hart. 

die, it shall and may be lawful to and for 
Frances Hanbury Widow, and Relict of Francis 
Hanbury Esquire, (which Frances Hanbury is 
the Heir-general of the said Sir Robert Cotton), 
and after her Decease to and for the Heirs 
Male of her Body, being of full Age; and in 



£6<3eorgii II. 



27 



Default of such Issue, to and for her First, 
Second, Third, Fourth, and every other 
Daughter, severally, successively, and in 
Remainder, one after another, in Order and 
Course as they respectively shall be in Priority 
of Birth : and the several and respective Heirs 
Male of the Bodies of such Daughters, being 
of full Age, or the respective Guardians of 
the Heirs Male of the said Frances and of her 
said Daughters, during their Minority ; to 
nominate another fit Person to supply the 
Place of the deceased Trustee, and so as often 
as any Person supplying the Place of either of 
the said Trustees shall happen to die. 

Provided also, and be it further enacted Nomination 

of a Trustee 

by the Authority aforesaid, That when either vacant by the 

J J Death of 

the said William Duke of Portland, or the w/fa* Duke 

1 of Portland, or 

said EdwardEciYl of Oxford and Earl Mortimer, %j$£t ° f 

herein-before appointed Trustees for the E * vlMortmer ' 

Purposes of this Act, shall die, it shall and 

may be lawful to and for the said Countess 

of Oxford and Countess Mortimer, and the 

said Dutchess of Portland, or the Survivor of 

them, and after the Decease of the said 

Countess and Dutchess, to and for the Heirs 

Male of the Body of the said Dutchess, being 

of full Age, or their Guardian or Guardians, 



£8 



Acts and Votes, $fc. 



during their Minority ; and upon Failure of 
such Heirs Male, to and for the Heirs Male 
of the Body of Edzvard now Earl of Oxford 
fend Earl Mortimer, being of full Age, or 
their Guardian or Guardians, during their 
Minority ; to nominate another fit Person to 
supply the Place of the said Duke or the said 
Earl ; and upon the Death of any Person so 
supplying the Place of either of them, to 
nominate another fit Person in his Stead ; 
and so as often as any Person so supplying 
the Place of either of them shall happen ta 
die. 

Trustees so And be it declared and enacted by the 

nominated, 

invested with Authority aforesaid, That the Trustees so to 

like Powers 

as those b e nominated by the Survivor of the said 

nominated in J 

the Act. Charles Lord Cadogan and Hans Stanley, and 
by the Heirs Male of the Bodies of them, or 
either of them, or the respective Guardians 
of such Heirs Male, in Manner aforesaid, and 
by the said Countess and Dutchess, or the 
Survivor of them, or by such Heirs Male of 
the said Dutchess or of the said ,now Earl of 
Oxford and Earl Mortimer, as aforesaid, or by 
their Guardian or Guardians, in Manner 
aforesaid,' shall have the like Power in all 
respects in the Execution of this Act 3 as ist 



96 Georgii II. 



29 



hereby given to the Trustees herein-before 
first named and described. 

And be it enacted by the Authority afore- A general 

. i f t Repository to 

said, That within the Cities of London or be provided for 

the Reception 

Westminster ', or the Suburbs thereof, One of Shane's 

Museum, the 

General Repository shall be erected or pro- Cottonian u- 

L 1 brary, Harleian 

vided in such convenient Place, and in such u ™" scn P l p 

7 ind Edwards s 

Manner, as the Trustees hereby appointed, Addmons - 
or the major Part of them, at a General 
Meeting assembled, shall direct, for the Re- 
ception, not only of the said Museum, or 
Collection of Sir Hans Sloane, but also of the 
Cottonian Library, and of the Additions which 
have been or shall be made thereunto, by 
virtue of the last Will and Testament of the 
said Arthur Edwards, and likewise of the said 
Harleian Collection of Manuscripts, and of 
such other Additions to the Cottonian Library, 
as with the Approbation of the Trustees by 
this Act appointed, or the major Part of them, 
at a General Meeting assembled, shall be 
made thereunto, in Manner herein-after men- 
tioned, and of such other Collections and 
Libraries as with the like Approbation shall 
be admitted into the said General Repository; 
which several Collections, Additions, and 
Library so received into the said General 



30 



Acts and Votes, 8$c, 



Repository, shall remain and be preserved 
therein for publick Use, to all Posterity. 
The Museum Provided always, That the said Museum or 
indre. kept Collection of Sir Hans Shane, in all its 
Branches, shall be kept and preserved to- 
gether in the said General Repository, whole 
and intire, and with proper Marks of Dis* 
tinction. 

The Harkian Provided also, That the said Harleian Col- 
bean Addition lection of Manuscripts shall be kept together 

to the Cotto- 

nian Library, in the said General Repository, as an Addi- 
tion to the Cottonian Library. 
The Museum to Provided always, That until the said Ge- 

remain in the r'ti • ini i • i i 

Manor House, neral .Repository shall be erected or provided 

till a General .' 

Repository in Manner before-mentioned, the said Col- 
be provided} 

under the Care lection or Museum of Sir Hans Sloane shall 

of a Person to 

be nominated remain in his said Manor House for publick 

for that r 

Purpose. Use, under the Care of such Person or Per- 
sons as by the said Archbishop of Canterbury, 
Lord Chancellor, or Lord Keeper, and the 
Speaker of the House of Commons, or any 
Two of them shall be nominated for that 
Purpose ; with such Salary or Salaries, and 
Allowances, for attending and preserving the 
same, as by all the Trustees by this Act ap- 
pointed, or the major Part of them in a Ge- 
neral Meeting assembled; shall be limited and 



Q6 Georgii II. 



31 



directed ; and the said Museum or Collection 
shall there be visited and seen by all Persons 
desirous to view the same, under such Rules 
as by the said Trustees, or the major Part of 
them, in like Manner assembled, shall be 
established ; and that until the said Museum 
or Collection shall be removed to the said 
General Repository hereby intended to be 
erected or provided, the Expence of preserv- 
ing the said Museum or Collection, and of 
repairing and supporting the said Manor 
House and Premises, shall be defrayed by 
the said Trustees out of such Monies as shall 
be payable to them for that Purpose by virtue 
of this Act. 

Provided also, and be it enacted by the When the 

Museum shall be 

Authority aforesaid, That when, and as soon removed, the 

Manor House, 

as the said Museum or Collection shall be re- tfcto gowith 

the other Lands 

moved into the said General Repository, ^^/^f 1 
then, and from thenceforth, the said Manor 
House and Garden, with their Appurtenances 
and Water, shall go and belong to such Per- 
son or Persons, and in such Manner, as the 
said Sir Hans Sloane hath given and devised 
the Rest of his said Manors, Lands, and Te- 
nements, at Chelsea, or elsewhere. 

And be it further enacted by the Authority The Trustees 



32 



Acts and Votes, &c. 



incorporated aforesaid, That for the better Execution of 

by the Name 

of The Trustees the Purposes of this Act. the said Trustees 

of the British 

Museum, &c. hereby appointed shall be a Body Politick 
and Corporate, in Deed and Name, and have 
Succession for ever, by the Name of The 
Trustees of the British Museum ; and by that 
Name shall sue and be sued, implead and be 
impleaded, in all Courts and Places within, 
this Realm ; and shall have Power to have and 
use a Common Seal to be appointed by them- 
selves ; and to make Bye-laws and Ordinances 
for the Purposes of this Act ; and to assemble 
together, when, where, and as often, and 
upon 'such Notice, as to them shall seem 
- meet, for the Execution of the Trust hereby 
in them reposed ; and shall also have full 
Power, Capacity, and Ability, to purchase, 
take, hold, and enjoy, for the Purposes of 
this Act, as well Goods and Chattels, as 
Lands, Tenements, and Hereditaments, so as 
the yearly Value of such Lands shall not ex- 
ceed Five hundred Pounds above all Charges 
and Reprizes ; the Statute of Mortmain, or 
any other Statute and Law to the contrary 
thereof in any wise notwithstanding. 

Trustees 

And be it further enacted by the Authority 
aforesaid, That the Trustees so appointed and 



26 Georgii II. 



33 



incorporated by this Act, or the major Part & rthe . 

1 •/ 7 ^ Preservation, 

of them, at any General Meeting assembled, coiiection S said 
shall, from Time to Time, and as often as 
they shall think fit, make, constitute, and 
establish, such Statutes, - Rules, and Ordi- 
nances, for the Custody, Preservation, and 
Inspection, of every Part of the several Col- 
lections hereby intended to remain in the 
said General Repository, as to them shall 
seem meet ; and shall and may in like Manner 
assign such Salaries and Allowances as they 
shall think fit, to the Officers and Servants, 
who in Manner herein-after mentioned shall 
be appointed to attend and assist in the Care 
and Preservation of the several Collections 
contained in the said General Repository ; and to appoint 

. . Salaries to their 

and shall and may, at their Pleasure, in like officers. 
Manner, suspend or remove any such Officer 
or Servant, for Misbehaviour or Neglect of 
Duty. 

And be it enacted by the Authority afore- Nomination of 

. . . the Principal 

said, That the Principal Librarian, to whom Librarian, 
the Care and Custody of the said General 
Repository shall be chiefly committed, shall, 
from Time to Time, be nominated and ap- 
pointed in Manner following ; that is to say, 

C 



34 



Acts and Votes, 8§c. 



The said Archbishop of Canterbury, Lord 
Chancellor, or Lord Keeper, and the Speaker 
of the House of Commons, or any Two of 
them, shall recommend to His Majesty, His 
Heirs and Successors, Two Persons, each of 
whom they shall judge fit to execute the 
said Office ; and such of the said Two Persons 
so recommended, as His Majesty, His Heirs 
and Succcessors, by Writing under His, or 
Their Sign Manual, shall appoint, after he 
shall become bound to the said Trustees by 
this Act appointed, for the due and faithful 
Discharge of his Office, in such penal Sum 
not being less than One Thousand Pounds, 
as the said Trustees, at any General Meeting- 
assembled, or the major Part of them, shall 
think proper, shall have and hold the said 
Office, during such Time as he shall behave 
well therein. 

Nomination of And be :t further enacted by the Authority 
Officers and aforesaid, That the Rest of the Officers and 

Servants. 

Servants, whose Attendance and Assistance 
shall be necessaxy in the Care and Preserva- 
tion of the said General Repository, shall, 
from Time to Time, be nominated and ap- 
pointed by the said Archbishop of Canterbury^ 



Q6 Georgii II. 



35 



Lord Chancellor, or Lord Keeper, and the 
Speaker of the House of Commons, or any 
Two of them. 

Provided always, That no such Person No officer'* 
to whom the Care and Custody of the supplied by * 

Deputy. 

said General Repository shall be chiefly com- 
mitted, nor any of the Rest of the said 
Officers or Servants, unless in Cases of oc- 
casional Sickness, or other necessary Cause 
of Absence, to be approved by the said Arch- 
bishop of Canterbury, Lord Chancellor, or 
Lord Keeper, and the Speaker of the House 
of Commons, or any Two of them, shall be 
permitted to supply his Place by a Deputy. 

Provided nevertheless, That the Person to Assistants and 

n r r subordinate 

whom in Manner aforesaid the Care and officers 

allowed. 

Custody of the said General Repository shall 
be chiefly committed, shall and may be as- 
sisted by such subordinate Officers and 
Servants, as in Manner aforesaid shall be 
appointed, continually to assist him in the 
Execution of his Duty. 

And be it further enacted by the Authority shane'sMu- 

n • i rru i 7i /r 1 1 scum, Cottonian 

aforesaid, That the said Museum or Collec- Library, and 

Harleian Col- 

tion of Sir Hans Sloane, from and after Pay- jeetion, vested 

in the Trustees* 

ment of the said Sum of Twenty Thousand >? Trust for the 

J Publick Use* 

Pounds, and the said Manor House and Gar- 
C £ 



36 



Jets and Votes, fyc. 



den, with the Appurtenances and Water, until 
the said Museum or Collection shall be re- 
moved to the said General Repository ; and 
also the said Gottonian Library and Additions 
thereunto ; and the said Harleian Collection 
of Manuscripts, from and after Payment of 
the said Sum of Ten Thousand Pounds ; and 
the said General Repository, when the same 
shall be erected or provided for the Use 
thereof, shall be vested in the said Trustees 
by this Act appointed, and their Successors, 
for ever; upon this Trust and Confidence 
nevertheless, That a free Access to the said 
General Repository, and to the Collections 
therein contained, shall be given to all stu- 
dious and curious Persons, at such Times, 
and in such Manner, and under such Regu- 
lations for inspecting and consulting the said 
Collections, as by the said Trustees, or the 
major Part of them, in any General Meeting- 
assembled, shall be limited for that Purpose. 
His Majesty And be it further enacted by the Authority 

may grant to . 

the Trustees aforesaid, That it shall and may be lawful to 

any Messuage 

or Building, and for His Majesty, His Heirs and Suc- 

&c. m Perpe- v J 

Genera?Re P o. cessors > at an y Time hereafter, by Letters 
sitory. Patent or Indenture, under the Great Seal of 
Great Britain, to give and grant unto the 



26 Georgii II. 



37 



said Trustees and their Successors, in Per- 
petuity, for the Purposes of this Act, the 
Right or Use in or of any Room, Messuage, 
orJBuilding, or Rooms, Messuages, or Build- 
ings, with the Appurtenances, or any Ground 
or Site requisite for the Erection of the said 
General Repository, or for making any Ad- 
dition thereto; any Restrictions, or Matter 
or Thing contained in an Act of Parliament 
made in the First Year of the Reign of Her Act 4 Anna* 
late Majesty Queen Anne, intituled, An Act 
for the better Support of Her Majesty's House- 
hold, and of the Honour and Dignity of the 
Crown ; or any other Law or Statute in any 
wise notwithstanding. 

And be it further enacted by the Authority Bodies Politick 

- t and Coporate, 

aforesaid, That it shall and may be lawful to tfcimpower- 

cd to dispose 

and for all Bodies Politick and Corporate, of Lands, &c. 

1 7 to the Trustees 

Trustees, Mortgagees, and Feoffees, in Trust, ^ r or s ^ chRepo 
Guardians and Committees for Infants, Lu- 
naticks, and Ideots, Executors, and Adminis- 
trators whatsoever, and to and for all Femes 
Covert, who are or shall be seised of any 
Lands, Tenements, or Hereditaments, in their 
own Right, and to and for all and every other 
Person and Persons whomsoever, who are or 
shall be seised, possessed of, or interested in, 



Acts and Votes, 8$c. 



any Lands, Tenements, or Hereditaments, to 
sell and convey to the said Trustees and their 
Successors, or to such Person or Persons as 
they, or the major Part of them, at any 
General Meeting assembled, shall appoint, 
all such Lands, Tenements, Hereditaments, 
Estates, and Interests, or any Part thereof, 
as the said Trustees, or the major Part of 
them, shall purchase, for the Purpose of erect- 
ing or providing such General Repository as 
aforesaid ; and all Contracts, Agreements, 
Sales, and Conveyances, which shall be made 
by any such Bodies Politick or Corporate, or 
Collegiate, or other Persons aforesaid, shall 
be valid and effectual to all Intents and Pur- 
poses; any Law, Statute, Usage, or any other 
Matter or Thing to the contrary notwith- 
Money to be standing : And that every such Sum of Money 

laid out to the 

same Uses as as shall be paid for the Purchase of any Lands, 

Lands, &c. 

purchased. Tenements, or Hereditaments, to or for the 

were settled 

*°« L T se of any such Body Politick or Corporate, 

or other Person as aforesaid, shall be respec- 
tivelv laid out in the Purchase of Lands, 
Tenements, and Hereditaments, and settled 
to and upon, and subject to such Titles, 
Uses, Trusts, Limitations, Remainders, and 
Contingencies, as the said Lands, Tenements, 



%6 Georgii IL 



and Hereditaments, purchased by the said 

Trustees, were settled, limited, and assured, 

at the Time of such Purchase, and shall be 

held and enjoyed accordingly; and that until 

such Purchases shall be made, the Money and to be vest- 
ed in the pub- 

shall be vested in some of the publick Funds, lick Funds till 

Purchase be 

or Government Securities, at Interest, which made - 
shall be paid to or for the Use of such Person 
or Persons as would have been intitled to the 
Rents and Profits of such Lands, Tenements, 
and Hereditaments. 

Saving nevertheless, to His Majesty, His Reservation to 

° all other Per- 

Heirs and Successors, and to all and every sons interest- 

J ed, of their 

Person and Persons, Bodies Politick and Ri s ht . stothe 

Premises, 

Corporate, their Heirs and Successors, Exe- Xf ste * inthc 

I 7 7 Trustees. 

cutors, or Administrators, other than and 
except the Trustees and Visitors by the said 
Sir Hans Sloane appointed by his Codicil 
herein-before recited, and other than and ex- 
cept the Trustees of the Cottonian Library, 
and the Trustees for the said Countess of 
Oxford axiA. Countess Mortimer, all such Right, 
Title, Estate, or Interest, in or to the Premises 
hereby vested in the Trustees by this Act 
appointed, and their Successors, as they, or 
any of them, had or might enjoy if this Act 
had not been made ; any Thing herein con- 



40 Acts and Votes, $$c. 



tained to the contrary thereof in any wise 
notwithstanding. 



[Here follow certain Provisions for raising a Sum ef Money by Way 
of Lottery for the Purposes of this Institution.] 

Application And be it enacted by the Authority afore- 
arising by this said, That all the Monies which shall arise from 
the said Lottery, subject to the Charge of 
Management thereof, afterpayment made, or 
Money sufficient reserved for the Payment of 
the Sums hereby directed to be issued to the 
Proprietors of the Fortunate Tickets, shall be 
appropriated, and in Manner herein-after 
mentioned, issued, applied, and reserved, to 
the several Uses, Intents, and Purposes, 
herein-after expressed, and to no other Use, 
Intent, or Purpose whatsoever ; that is to 
say, In the first Place the full and clear Sum 
s o,ooo/. to the of Twenty thousand Pounds, Part thereof, 
sxiHanslioanc. shall, before the Eleventh Day of January 
One thousand seven hundred and fifty-four, 
be issued by Order of the said Trustees, or 
the major Part of them, at any General 
Meeting assembled, to the Executors of Sir 
Hans Sloane, or the Survivors or Survivor of 
them, in Consideration of his said Museum 
or Collection, and of the Use and Benefit of 
the said Manor House and Garden, with the 



26 Georgii II. 



41 



Appurtenances and Water, until such Time as 
the said Museum or Collection shall be re- 10j00 c/. to the 
moved to the said General Repository; In JjXd 
the next Place, and in like Manner, shall be Mortimer. 
issued to the said Countess of Oxford and 
Countess Mortimer, and her Trustees, the full 
and clear Sum of Ten thousand Pounds, or so 
much thereof as, together with the Legacy 
of Seven thousand Pounds bequeathed to the 
Trustees of the Cottonian Library, in Manner 
above mentioned, shall be sufficient, in case 
the said Legacy shall, before that Time, take 
Effect, to pay the Price for the said Harleian 
Collection of Manuscripts, so as the said Col- 
lection, until such time as the said General 
Repository shall be erected or provided for 
the Reception thereof, shall remain in the 
Place where the same is now lodged, or in 
some other convenient Place to be approved 
by the said Trustees, or the major Part of 
them so assembled, and shall be there pre- 
served and maintained at the Costs and 
Charges of the said Countess of Oxford and 
Countess Mortimer, and her Trustees ; after 
Payment of which several Sums of Twenty 
thousand Pounds, and Ten thousand Pounds, 
so much Money shall and may be issued 



42 



Acts and Votes, fyc* 



and applied by Order of the said Trus- 
tees, or the major Part of them so ass em* 
bled, as shall be sufficient to defray the 
Expence of erecting or providing the said 
General Repository, and of the necessary 
a General Re. Furniture thereof, and of such Cabinets. 

pository to be 7 

liTrltlt and Book Cases, and other Conveniences or Em- 
Ex P "ri essary bellishments, as the Condition of the several 
p«serving h tbe Collections in the said General Repository 

Museum, Cotto. • . , . , , £ , T1 

man Library, contained, shall require ; and also or the Ex- 

and Harkian . . 

Collection of pence which may be incurred m preserving 

Manuscripts, . . .' 

and maintaining the said Museum or Collec- 
tion of Sir Hans Shane, at his said Manor 
House at Chelsea, during such Time as the 
said Museum or Collection shall remain there, 
and in removing the said Museum or Collec- 
tion ; and also in removing the Cottonian Li- 
brary, and the Additions thereunto made or 
to be made, and the Harleian Collection of 
Manuscripts, to the said General Repository; 
3 o,ooo/.tobe ^yhich Expence being defrayed, the Sam of 

pat out at In- 1 ° J 7 

pubhck Funds, Thirty thousand Pounds shall and may be re- 
taSt6f o?-" served to be placed out at Interest, by Order 
andothe^ne"' of the said Trustees, or the major Part of 
p e enceT. Ex " them, in any General Meeting assembled, in 
any Parliamentary Security or Securities, or 
to be lent, from Time to Time in Part or in 



26 Georgii II. 



the Whole, upon the Credit of any Taxes or 
Duties imposed by Parliament, at such In- 
terest for the Forbearance of such Loan, as 
by any Act imposing such Taxes or Duties, 
or any other Act, shall be limited ; the Inte- 
rest of which Sum of Thirty thousand Pounds 
so reserved shall and may be issued and ap- 
plied, by like Order of the said Trustees, or 
the major Part of them so assembled, for and 
towards Payment of the Salaries and Al- 
lowances which, in Manner aforesaid, shall 
be assigned by the said Trustees to the 
Officers and Servants attending or assisting 
in the said General Repository, and for and 
towards the Payment of such other Costs 
and Charges as the Custody and Preservation 
of the said several Collections, and the Re- 
pairs or Alterations of the said General Repo- 
sitory, and the due Execution of the Trust 
hereby reposed in the said Trustees, shall 
require : And if after Payment of the said 
first-mentioned Sum of Twenty thousand 
Pounds, and of the said Sum of Ten thousand 
Pounds, or Part thereof, upon the Contin- 
gency herein-before mentioned ; and after 
Payment of so much Money as the Expence 
of erecting, or providing and furnishing the 



Acts and Votes, 8$c. 



said General Repository, and of such Cabi- 
net s ; Book Cases, and other Conveniences 
and Embellishments, and of maintaining or 
preserving the said Museum or Collection of 
Sir Hans Sloane at the said Manor House at 
Chelsea, and of removing the said several 
Collections to the said General Repository, 
the Surplus, if shall amount to; and if, after reserving the 

any, to be re- . 

served for the last-mentioned Sum of Thirty thousand 

future Dispo- 
sition of Par- Pounds for the Purposes aforesaid, any Sur- 

liamcnt; 1 7 J 

plus shall remain of the Monies so raised by 
virtue of this Act, the same shall be reserved 
for the future Disposition of Parliament. 

Provided always, That in the mean Time, 
until such Surplus shall be disposed of by 
Parliament, it shall be lawful to and for the 
said Trustees, or the major Part of them so 
assembled as aforesaid, to place out or lend 
and rnay be the said Surplus, or any Part thereof, upon 
imeresM^be such Securities, and upon such Credit, as 

applied to the . 1 _ 

usesofthu they are herein-before lmpowered to place 
out or lend the said Sum of Thirty thousand 
Pounds herein-before directed to be reserved, 
the Proceed or Interest thereof, until the 
Principal Money shall be so disposed of by 
Parliament, to be applied to such Uses, for 
the better accomplishing the Design of this 



26 Georgii II. 



Act, as by the said Trustees, or the major 
Part of them, in any General Meeting assem- 
bled, shall be limited and directed. 



45 



27 GEORGII II. REGIS. 



An Act for making perpetual several Laws, S$e* 
and to importer a certain Number of the Trus- 
tees of the British Museum to do certain 
Acts, 8$c. 

And whereas by an Act made in the Twenty- 
sixth Year of the Reign of His present Ma- 
Recital of j es ty> intituled, An Act for the Purchase of 
z6Ge?.u. Aa the Museum, or Collection of Sir Hans Sloane, 
and of the Harleian Collection of Manuscripts, 
and for providing One General Repository for 
the better Reception and more convenient Use 
of the said Collections, and of the Cottonian 
Library, and of the Additions thereto ; it is, 
among other Things, enacted, That certain 
Persons in the said Act named, and their 
Successors, shall be Trustees for putting the 
said Act in Execution ; and that they, or the 
major Part of them, in a General Meeting 



27 Georgii II. 



assembled, whereof the Archbishop of Can~ 
terbury, the Lord Chancellor, or Lord Keeper, 
and the Speaker of the House of Commons, 
shall be Three, shall, in such Manner as they 
shall think fit, elect and nominate Fifteen 
other Persons to be associated to them in 
the Executions of the Trusts thereby in 
them reposed ; and when any of the Trustees 
so elected and nominated shall die, shall in 
like Manner elect and nominate a fit Person 
or Persons to supply the Place or Places of 
him or them so dying, and so to ties quoties, 
as any of the said Trustees so elected and 
nominated, or others so elected and nomi- 
nated to supply their Places, shall happen to 
die: And whereas the Powers and Authorities 
given to the whole Body of the Trustees of 
the British Museum, by the said Act incor- 
porated, are thereby limited to be exercised 
by them, or the major Part of them, at any 
General Meeting assembled : And whereas 
it may happen that the said Archbishop of 
Canterbury, the Lord Chancellor, or Lord 
Keeper, and the Speaker of the House of 
Commons, may be hindered by Indisposition 
or Avocation, from being all of them present 
at such Elections of Trustees ; and it may 



48 



Acts and Votes, 8$c. 



also happen that the major Part of* the whole 
Number of the Trustees of the British Mu- 
seum cannot conveniently be present at every 
General Meeting of the said Trustees ; be it 
enacted, by the Authority aforesaid, That 
Elections of every such Election of a Trustee, at which 
winch the at the said Archbishop of Canterbury, the Lord 
Canterbury^ Chancellor, or Lord Keeper, and the Speaker 

lor, Lord 

of the House of Commons, or any Two of 

Keeper, and 

speaker of the them shall be present, shall be as valid and 

House of Com- 

mons, or two e ff ec tual to all Intents and Purposes what- 

of them shall J 

be present, soever, as if the said Archbishop of Canter- 
bury, the Lord Chancellor, or Lord Keeper, 
and the Speaker of the House of Commons, 
were all of them present ; and that the Acts 
and Orders made by the major Part of such 
Number of the said Trustees, as shall be pre- 

and ail Acts sent at any such General Meeting, so as 

done by Seven 
Trustees 
deemed valid. 



done by Seven 

Trustees Seven or the said lrustees at the least be 



there present, shall have the same and the 
like Force and Effect, as if such Acts and 
Orders were made hy the major Part of the 
whole Number of the said Trustees ; any 
thing in the said Act, or any Law, to the 
contrary thereof in any wise notwithstand- 



ing- 



49 



28 GEO. II. SESS. 2. 

PRIVATE ACTS, C. 3. 



Extract of an Act for vesting Montagu House 
in Trustees and their Heirs, freed and dis- 
charged from all the Estates, Uses, and 
Agreements, to which, at present, it stands 
limited and appointed upon Trust to convey the 
same to the Trustees of The British Museum, 
for a General Repository, and upon such other 
Trusts as therein are mentioned* 

Whereas Ralph late Duke of Montagu 
being seised in his Demesne, as of Fee, of all 
that capital Messuage or Mansion House, 
commonly called Montagu House, with the 
Gardens and Appurtenances thereto be- 
longing, situate in Great Russel Street, in the 
Parish of Saint George Rloomsbury, (late part 
of the Parish of Saint Giles in the Fields) in 
the County of Middlesex, subject to a Yearly 

D 



Acts and Votes, 8$c 



Rent of Five Pounds issuing thereout by his 
last Will and Testament, bearing Date the 
21st Day of August, 1707, devised the same 
among his other Estates in England to his 
Son John then Marquis of Monthermer, and 
afterwards Duke of Montagu, for his Life 
with remainder, &c. &c. &c. 

And whereas by an Act of Parliament 
passed in the 26th Year of your Majesty's 
Reign, intituled, An Act for the Purchase of 
the Museum or Collection of Sir Hans Shane, 
and of the Harleian Collection of Manuscripts, 
and for providing one General Repository 
for the better Reception and more convenient 
Use of the said Collections, and of the Cot- 
tonian Library, and of the Additions thereto, 
it was enacted, That, within the Cities of 
London or Westminster, or the Suburbs there- 
of, one General Repository should be erected 
or provided in such convenient Place, and in 
such Manner as the Trustees, in the said Act 
named and appointed, or the major Part of 
them, at a General Meeting assembled, should 
direct for the Reception not only of the said 
Museum or Collection of Sir Hans Sloane, but 
also of the Cot tonian Library, and of the Ad- 
ditions which had been or should be made 



28 Geo. II. Sess. 2. 



thereto by Virtue of the last Will and Testa- 
ment of Arthur Edwards, Esquire, and like- 
wise of the said Harkian Collection of Ma- 
nuscripts, and of such other Additions to the 
Cottonian Library, as with the Approbation of 
the said Trustees by the said Act appointed, 
or the major Part of them at a General Meet- 
ing assembled, should be made thereunto in 
Manner as in the said Act it was after-men- 
tioned, and of such other Collections and 
Libraries as with the like Approbation should 
be admitted into the said General Repository, 
which several Collections, Additions, and 
Library so received unto the said General 
Repository should remain and be preserved 
therein for publick Use to all Posterity. And 
w 7 hereas at a General Meeting of the said 
Trustees held at the Cockpit at Whitehall, 
on the Third Day of April, One thousand 
Seven hundred and Fifty-four, it was resolved 
to accept of a Proposal which had been made 
of the said capital Mansion House called 
Montagu House, and the said Freehold Ground 
thereto belonging, for the General Repository 
of the British Museum, on the Terms of Ten 
thousand Pounds, at which Price the same 
had been offered to be Sold for the said 

D<2 



Acts and Votes, 8$c. 



Trustees, including the Leasehold Interest of 
the Piece of Ground therewith enjoyed ; in 
Pursuance of which said Resolution by cer- 
tain Articles of Agreement in writing, bear- 
ing Date the 3d Day of June following, and 
made between the said Sir Edward Montagu, 
and the said Isabella Dutchess Dowager of 
Manchester, the said George Earl of Cardigan, 
and Mary Countess of Cardigan of the one 
Part, and the said Trustees of the British 
Museum of the other Part, it was covenanted 
and agreed, that, in Consideration of the said 
Sum of Ten thousand Pounds, they the said 
Sir Edward Montagu, and the said Isabella 
Dutchess Dowager of Manchester, the said 
George Earl of Cardigan, and Mary Countess 
of Cardigan, and all and everv other Person 
or Persons seised, possessed of, or intituled 
unto the said Freehold and Leasehold Pre- 
mises, in Trust for them or any of them, 
should and would convey to and to the Use 
of the said Trustees, their Successors and 
Assigns for ever, or to whom they should 
appoint the said Mansion House, Gardens, 
and Appurtenances belonging and likewise 
assign to them the said Leasehold Premises 
in Manner 4s therein^mentioned. And 



38 Geo. II. Sess. 2. 



whereas although by the said recited Act 
of the 9th Year of his late Majesty King 
George the First, the said Isabella Dutchess 
Dowager of Manchester, and the said Mary 
Countess of Cardigan are enabled to suffer a 
Recovery, and thereby bar the Intails and 
Remainders, created by the said recited Will 
of the said Ralph Duke of Montagu, yet as 
the uses of such Recovery if suffered are 
thereby restrained to be limited according to 
the Agreements in the said Articles contained 
in the said Act mentioned, under which the 
said Isabella Dutchess Dowager of Manchester, 
and Mary Countess of Cardigan will be but 
Tenants for Life, they are not able without 
the further Aid and Assistance of an Act of 
Parliament to make a Title in Fee Simple, and 
convey the said Mansion House, Gardens, 
and Appurtenances according to the said 
Agreement to the Trustees of the British 
Museum as aforesaid, Wherefore, and to the 
end that the said recited Articles of Agree- 
ment, bearing Date the 3d June 17-54 as afore- 
said, may be carried into Execution, and that 
the Money arising by the Sale of the said 
Mansion House, Gardens, and Appurtenances 
may be equally divided between them, the 



Acts and Votes, 8gc. 



said Isabella Dowager Dutchess of Manchester^ 
arid Mary Countess of Cardigan, that is to 
say, Five thousand Pounds, to each of them, 
and to be vested in Trust to be laid out in 
other Freehold Premises to be settled to the 
same uses and Trusts, as the said Mansion 
House, Gardens, and Appurtenances, are in 
and by the said recited Articles, dated the 1st 
of January, 1722, and the said recited Act 
confirming the same limited and settled, and 
by virtue thereof, the said Isabella Dutchess 
Dowager of Manchester, and the said Mary 
Countess of Cardigan, do now hold and enjoy 
the same, and that the said Trustees of the 
British Museum may be indemnified on the 
payment of the said Sum of Ten thousand 
Pounds for the Purposes aforesaid, against the 
said Uses and Trusts, they the said Sir Edward 
Montagu, and the said Isabella Dutchess 
Dowager of Manchester, the said George Earl 
of Cardigan, and Mary Countess of Cardigan, 
Humbly beseech your Majesty, that it may 
be Enacted, And be it therefore Enacted by 
the King's Most Excellent Majesty, by and 
with the Advice and Consent of the Lords 
Spiritual and Temporal, and Commons in this 
present Parliament assembled, and by the 



28 Geo. II. Sess. % 



Authority of the same, That ali that Capital 
Messuage or Mansion House, commonly called 
Montagu House, with the Gardens and Appur- 
tenances thereunto belonging, situate in 
Great Russel Street in the Parish of Saint 
George Bloomsbury, in the said County of 
Middlesex, be vested in and settled upon, and 
the said Capital Messuage, Mansion House, 
Gardens, and Appurtenances, are hereby 
vested in and settled upon the Right Hon. 
George Earl of Halifax, and William Folkes 
Esq. their Heirs and Assigns, absolutely freed 
and discharged of and from all the Estates, 
Uses, Trusts, Powers, Limitations, Provisoes, 
Charges and Agreements whatsoever, limited, 
created, expressed and declared of and con- 
cerning the same, in and by the said recited 
last Will and Testament, of the said RalphDukQ 
of Montagu, and the said Articles of Agree- 
ment herein-before recited, and mentioned in 
the said Act of Parliament, and confirmed by 
the said Act in Trust nevertheless to convey 
and assure in Pursuance and in Performance 
of the said Articles, the said Mansion House, 
Gardens and Appurtenances, unto the said 
Trustees of the British Museum on payment 
of the said sum of Ten thousand Pounds to 



Acts and Votes, 8$c. 



the said George Earl of Halifax, and William 
Folkes, their Executors, Administrators or 
Assigns, and in further Trust, to lay out and 
dispose of the said Sum of Ten thousand 
Pounds, in manner as herein-after mentioned, 
that is to say, &c. &c. 

And be it further Enacted by the Authority 
aforesaid, That on Payment of the said Sum 
of Ten thousand Pounds by the said Trustees 
of the British Museum to the, said George Earl 
of Halifax, and William Folkes, their Executors 
Administrators or Assigns, in consideration of 
their conveying and assuring the said Mansion 
House, Gardens, and Appurtenances to the 
said Trustees of the British Museum as afore- 
said, the Receipt or Receipts of the said 
George Earl of Halifax, and William Folkes, 
their Executors Administrators or Assigns to 
the said Trustees of the British Museum, shall 
be and is and are hereby declared to be a 
good and sufficient Discharge to the said 
Trustees for the same, and that they the said 
Trustees shall thereupon be and are hereby 
declared indemnified against all Demands 
from all and every or any Person or Persons 
whatsoever to whom or to whose use the said 
Mansion House Gardens and Appurtenances 



28 Geo. II. Sess. % 



57 



have been limited or settled in or by the said 
last Will and Testament of the said Ralph 
Duke of Montagu, or the said recited Articles 
in the said recited Act, or the said recited 
Act confirming the same as aforesaid, And 
that the said Trustees of the British Museum, 
shall and may at all times after such Con- 
veyance and Assurance made, and the Pay- 
ment of the said Ten thousand Pounds 
Purchase Money as aforesaid, have, hold, 
and enjoy the said Capital Mansion House, 
Gardens, and Appurtenances, freed and ab- 
solutely discharged of, from, and against all 
and every the Uses, Estates, Trusts, Powers, 
Provisoes, Limitations, and Agreements li- 
mited, created, expressed and declared as 
aforesaid, of and concerning the same. 



» 



58 



7 GEORGII. III. REGIS. 



CAP. XVIIL 

An Act to enable the Trustees of the British 
Museum to exchange, sell, or dispose of, any 
Duplicates of printed Books, Medals, Coins, 
or other Curiosities; and for laying out the 
Money arising by such Sale, in the Purchase 
of other Things that may be wanting in, or 
proper for, the said Museum, 

Wh ereas by an Act of Parliament passed 
in the Twenty-sixth Year of the Reign of 
his late Majesty King George the Second, in- 
titled, An Act for the Purchase of the Mu- 
seum, or Collection of Sir Hans Sloane, and of 
the Harleian Collection of Manuscripts ; and 
for better providing One General Repository J or 
the better Reception, and more convenient Use 3 
of the said Collection, and of the Cottonian 



7 Georgii III. 



Library, and of the Additions thereto; it is, 
amongst other Things, enacted, that within 
the Cities of London or Westminster, or the 
Suburbs thereof, One General Repository 
should be erected or provided in such conve- 
nient Place, and in such Manner, as the 
Trustees thereby appointed, or the major 
Part of them, at a General Meeting assem- 
bled, should direct, for the Reception not 
only of the said Museum, or Collection of 
Sir Hans Sloane, but also of the Cottonian Li- 
brary, and of the Additions which had been 
or should be made thereto, by virtue of the 
last Will and Testament of Arthur Edzvards, 
Esquire, in the said Act named, and likewise 
of the said Harleian Collection of Manu- 
scripts, and of such other Additions to the 
said Cottonian Library as, with the Approba- 
tion of the Trustees by the said Act ap- 
pointed, or the major Part of them, at a Ge- 
neral Meeting assembled, should be made 
thereunto, in Manner therein-after men- 
tioned ; and of such other Collections and 
Libraries as, with the like Approbation 
should be admitted into the said General 
Repository ; and that the said several Col- 
lections, Additions, and Library, so received 



60 



Acts and Votes, S$c. 



into the said General Repository, should re* 
main and be preserved therein, for publick 
Use, to all Posterity : And whereas the said 
Collections have been greatly increased by 
considerable Donations from his Majesty, 
and the Gifts of several Noblemen and 
others ; and it is probable that great Addi- 
tions will hereafter be made thereto : And 
whereas there are now, and there may here- 
after be, in the Various Departments of the 
British Museum, many Duplicates of printed 
Books, Medals, Coins, and. other Curiosities, 
which it would be proper to dispose of, in 
order to make Room for others : May it 
therefore please Your most Excellent Ma- 
jesty, that it may be enacted; and be it 
enacted by the King's most Excellent Ma- 
jesty, by and with the Advice and Consent 
of the Lords Spiritual and Temporal, and 
Commons, in this present Parliament assem- 
five or more bled, and by the Authority of the same, That 

Trustees are 

impowered to . jt shall and may be lawful to and for the said 

order any Du- J> 

piicates of Trustees, and their Successors, or any Five or 

printed Books, ' ' 

Medal 
£3c, to 



S be C e x- S ' more °f them, at any Meeting assembled, 
Manusa-fpts, an d they are hereby authorized and im- 
powered, from Time to Time, and at all 
Times hereafter, to order any Duplicates of 



7 Georgii III. 



61 



printed Books, Medals, Coins^ or other Cu~ or to be sold; 

and ihe Money 

riosities, to be exchanged for Manuscripts, laid out in 

purchasing 

Books. Medals, Coins, or other Curiosities: such as may be 

warning, or 

or to direct any such Duplicates of printed P r °p £i - 
Books, Medals, Coins, or other Curiosities, 
to be sold or disposed of, and the Money to 
arise by such Sale to be laid out in the Pur- 
chase of Manuscripts, Books, Medals, Coins, 
and other Curiosities, that may be wanting 
in, or proper for the said Museum ; the said 
herein before recited Act of Parliament, or 
any other Act, Matter or Thing, to the con- 
trary thereof in any wise notwithstanding. 



62 



45 GEORGII III. REGIS. 



Extract from an Act to repeal certain Parts of 
an Act made in the Forty -third Year of His 
present Majesty for granting a Contribution 
on the Profits arising from Property, Prqfes-* 
sions, Trades, and Offices, and to consolidate 
and render more effectual the Provisions for 
collecting the said Duties. 

Allowances to Provided also, and be it further Enacted^ 

be made to the 

Trustees of the That the like Allowances shall be granted to 

British Museuin, 0 

and Exemp. Trustees of the British Museum, in respect 

tions allowed 7 -T 

m™™ w to any Charge under Schedule (A.) to be 
leger'a^cha 0 - 1 " made on the Lands and Tenements vested in 
tioL. e Instltu " such Trustees, as are granted to Colleges and 
other Proprietors mentioned in No. V. of 
that Schedule, and the like Exemptions shall 
be allowed in respect to any Dividends of 
Stock vested in such Trustees, or any of 
them, or in any other for their Use, as are 
granted to charitable Institutions by this 



45 Georgii III. 



Act; and no Salary or Payment made or to 
be made out of His Majesty's Exchequer to 
such Trustees, for the Use of such Institution, 
shall be charged at the said Exchequer ; pro- 
vided all Salaries of Officers or Persons em- 
ployed under the said Trustees shall be 
charged on the said Officers respectively. 



64 



45 GEORGII III. REGIS. 



An Act to vest the Townleian Collection of 
ant lent Sculpture in the Trustees of the British 
Museum for the Use of the Public, 

the Act 

Wh ere as by an Act of Parliament, made 
and passed in the Twenty-sixth Year of the 
Reign of his late Majesty, King George the 
Second } intituled, An Act for the Purchase of 
the Museum, or Collection of Sir Hans Sloane, 
and of the Harleian Collection of Manuscripts, 
and for providing One General Repository for 
the better Reception and more convenient Use 
of the said Collections, and of the Cottonian 
Library, and of the Additions thereto; the 
Archbishop of Canterbury, the Lord Chancel-* 
lor or Lord Keeper of the Great Seal of Great 
Britain, the Lord Treasurer of Great Britain, 
or the First Commissioner of the Treasury, 
the Lord President of the Council, the Lord 



45 Georgii III. 



Privy Seal, the Lord High Admiral of Great 
Britain, or the First Commissioner of the 
Admiralty, the Lord Steward of his Majesty's 
Household, the Lord Chamberlain of his Ma- 
jesty's Household, the Bishop of London, each 
of the Principal Secretaries of State, being a 
Peer or Lord of Parliament, the Speaker of 
the House of Commons, each of the Principal 
Secretaries of State, not being a Peer or 
Lord of Parliament, the Chancellor of the 
Exchequer, the Lord Chief Justice of the 
Court of King's Bench, the Master of the Rolls, 
the Chief Justice of his Majesty's Court of 
Common Pleas at Westminster, his Majesty's 
Attorney and Solicitor General, the President 
of the Royal Society, and the President of 
the College of Physicians, severally for the 
Time being, and certain other Persons named 
or described in the said Act, or to be ap- 
pointed under the Powers therein contained, 
were appointed Trustees, and incorporated 
by the Name of The Trustees of the British 
Museum, for putting the said Act into Exe- 
cution, with such Powers and under such 
Directions as are therein expressed ; and par- 
ticular^, it was thereby enacted, That within 
the Cities of London or Westminster, or the 

E 



66 



Acts and Votes, 8$c> 



Suburbs thereof, one General Repository 
should be erected and provided for the Re- 
ception of the Collections and Libraries 
therein mentioned, and of such other Collec- 
tions and Libraries as, with the like Appror 
bation, should be admitted into the same, 
which several Collections, Additions, and 
Libraries so received into the said General 
Repository, should remain and be preserved 
therein for public Use to all Posterity : 
Purchase of the And whereas, under the Provisions of an 

British Museum. 

Act of the Twenty- eighth Year of his late 
Majesty King George the Second, intituled, 
An Act for "vesting Montagu House in Trustees 
and their Heirs, freed and discharged from all 
the Estates, Uses, and Agreements to which it 
at present stands limited and appointed upon 
Trust, to convey the same to the Trustees of the 
British Museum for a General Repository, and 
upon such other Trusts as therein are mentioned; 
the capital Messuage or Mansion House here- 
tofore called Montagu House, situate in Great 
Russell Street, in the Parish of Saint George 
Bloomsbury, in the County of Middlesex, and 
the Outhouses, Buildings, and Gardens be- 
longing to the same, were duly conve}^ed and 
assured unto and to the Use of the Trustees 



45 Georgii III. 



67 



of the said Museum, by Indentures of Lease 
and Release, bearing Date respectively the 
Fourth and Fifth Days of April, in the Year 
One thousand Seven hundred and Fifty-five, 
and made between the Right Honourable 
George Dunk, Earl of Halifax, and William 
Folkes, Esquire, (Trustees under the said last 
mentioned Act for carrying the Trusts thereof 
into Execution) of the one Part, and the 
Trustees of the said Museum of the other 
Part, and since that Time the said capital 
•Messuage or Mansion House and its Appur- 
tenances have been generally called or known 
by the Appellation of the British Museum : 

And whereas Charles Townley, late of NovemUr 2 2 d, 

180^ W 1 of 

Townley, in the County Palatine of Lancaster, charUsTamiey, 
Esquire, duly signed and published his last 
Will and Testament, bearing Date the Twenty- 
ninth of November, One thousand Eight hun- 
dred and Two, and did thereby devise the 
Manors and other Hereditaments situate in 
the said County of Lancaster therein parti- 
cularly mentioned, and distinguished by the 
Name of The Townley Estates, to John Tr afford, 
of Tr afford House, in the said County, and Ste- 
phenTempest, oiBroughtonHall, in the County 

L2 



Acts and Votes, 



of York, Esquires, and their Heirs, to the Use 
of Sir John Lawson, Baronet, and Thomas 
Eccleston, Esquire, their Executors, Admi* 
nistrators, and Assigns, for the Term of Eight 
hundred Years, by the Ways and Means 
therein mentioned, to raise Money for the 
Payment of his Debts, Legacies, and Funeral 
Expences in Exoneration of his personal Es- 
tate, and for the Payment of certain An- 
nuities ; and after the Expiration of the said 
Term of Eight hundred Years, to the Use 
of Edward Townley Standish, Esquire, the 
Brother of him the said Testator during 
the Term of his natural Life, with a Li- 
mitation, &c. in Trust, to preserve the con- 
tingent Remainders therein after devised: 
and after his Decease, to the Use of the 
first and other Sons of the said Edward 
Townley Standish, severally and successively 
according to their respective Seniorities, in 
Tail; and in Default of such Issue, to the 
Use of John Townley, Esquire, the Uncle of 
the said Charles Townley the Testator, and his 
Assigns during his natural Life, without Im- 
peachment of Waste ; and after his Decease, 
to such Uses as the said John Townley and 



45 Georgii III. 



Peregrine Edward Townley, Esquire, his Son, 
should by any Deed to be executed by them 
as therein is mentioned direct or appoint ; 
and in Default of such Appointment, to the 
Use of the said John Townley, his Heirs and 
Assigns for ever : And the said Charles Town- 
ley did, by his said Will, bequeath to the said 
Sir John Lawson rand Thomas Eccleston his Col- 
lection of Antient Marbles, which should be 
in or about or belong to his House in Park 
Street, Westminster, at the Time of his De- 
cease, to hold the same unto the said Sir 
John Lawson and Thomas Eccleston, their Exe- 
cuors and Administrators, in Trust for the 
Bintish Museum; provided that the Trustees 
or Managers for the Time being of that In- 
stitution should, within the Term of Two 
Years from the Time of his Decease, set 
apart a Room or Rooms, which then was or 
were, or which might thereafter be erected 
at the said Museum, sufficiently spacious and 
elegant to exhibit those Antiquities most 
advantageously to the Publick; such Room 
or Rooms to be exclusively set apart for the 
Reception and future Exhibition of the said 
Antiquities ; and in some conspicuous Part of 
the said Room or Rooms, such a suitable 



70 



Acts and Votes, $c. 



and appropriate Inscription to be made 
and fixed up, as the Trustees or Managers 
, of the said Museum should deem proper. 
And that in case the said Trustees or Ma- 
nagers should decline to accept of that his 
Gift, or should not fully comply with the 
Conditions thereby imposed by him, then his 
Will was that the said Sir John Lawson and 
Thomas Eccleston, and the Survivor of them, 
and the Executors and Administrators of 
such Survivor, should stand possessed of his 
said Collection of ancient Marbles in ti'ust 
for the Testator's Brother, the said Edward 
Townley Standish, his Executors Administra- 
tors and Assigns, and the said Testator ap- 
pointed the said Edward Townley Standish and 
John Townley the Executors of that his Will ; 
a2 d December, And whereas the said Charles Townley signed 
to°^e wiifof and published a Codicil to his said Will, which 
Town!ey CharUs Codicil bears Date the Twenty- second Day 
of December, One Thousand Eight Hundred 
and Four, and by his said Codicil revoked 
the Trusts declared by his Will of the said 
ancient Marbles for the Benefit of the British 
Museum and the said Edward Townley Standish, 
and directed that the said Sir John Lawson 
and Thomas Eccleston, their Executors Admi- 



45 Georgii III. 



nistrators and Assigns should stand possessed 
of the said Collection of antient Marbles 
upon the Trusts following, that is to say, in 
case his the Testator's Brother Edward Town- 
ley Standish, or his the Testator's Uncle John 
Townley, or his Heirs should, within Five Years 
from his the Testator's decease, expend not 
less than the Sum of Four thousand Five 
hundred Pounds in placing the said Marbles 
in a proper and suitable Manner for Exhibi- 
tion in his Mansion House at Townley, or in 
the erecting and completing, or purchasing 
a Suite of Rooms for their Reception and 
Exhibition, to be added for the Purpose to, 
or being Part of any House to be built, pur- 
chased, or belonging to them or any of them 
in London then in Trust for the Person or 
Persons who by Virtue of or under the Li- 
mitations contained in his said Will should 
for the Time being be entitled to the Posses- 
sion, or to the Receipts of the Rents, Issues 
and Profits of his Townley Estates, in his said 
Will mentioned ; Yet so that for the Purpose 
of Transmission the same should not vest 
absolutely in any Son of his said Brother 
Edward Townley Standish, until such Son should 
attain to the Age of Twenty-one Years, or de^ 



Acts and Votes, S$c. 



part this Life under that Age, leaving issue 
inheritable under his said Will, or Born in 
due Time afterwards : And in case of the 
Death of his said Brother Edward Townley 
Standish without Issue Male, as expressed in 
his said Will, or in failure of such Issue then 
in Trust for his said Uncle John Townley and 
his Heirs : But in case his said Brother Ed- 
ward Townley Standish, or his said Uncle John 
Townley or his Heirs should refuse or neglect 
to make such proper Provision for the Re- 
ception and Exhibition of the said Antient 
Marbles within the said Term of Five Years, 
then it was his Will and Mind that the said 
Sir John Lazvson and Thomas Eccleston, their 
Executors Administrators and Assigns, should 
stand possessed thereof in Trust for the 
British Museum, subject to the same Terms, 
Conditions, and Restrictions as were con- 
tained in his said Will in Respect to the Trust 
therein declared for the B? % itish Museum, and 
in case the Trustees or Managers of the 
British Museum should not comply with such 
Terms, Conditions, and Restrictions then in 
Trust for his the said Testator's Executors 
and Administrators : 

And whereas the said Charles Townley de^ 



45 Georgii III. 



73 



parted this Life on the Third Day of January 
last, and the said Will and Codicil were duly 
proved by the said Edivard Townley Standish 
and John Townley in the Prerogative Court 
of the Archbishop of Canterbury : 

And whereas at the Time of the Decease 
of the said Charles Townley, the said Townley 
Estate, or some Part thereof, was subject to a 
Mortgage Debt of Thirty-six thousand Five 
hundred Pounds charged thereupon by In- 
dentures of Lease and Release, bearing Date 
respectively the Twenty-first and Twenty- 
second Days of November One thousand 
Eight hundred and Two, &c. Whereby in 
consideration of the Sum of Thirty-six 
thousand Five hundred Pounds by the said 
John Townley advanced to or upon the Ac- 
count of the said Charles Townley, the said 
Townley Estate, or some Part thereof, was 
conveyed by or by the Direction of the said 
Charles Townley unto and to the Use of the 
said John Townley, his Heirs and Assigns by 
Way of Mortgage for securing to the said 
John Townley, his Executors Administrators 
and Assigns the Sum of Thirty-six thousand 
Five hundred Pounds, with lawful Interest 
fpr the same : 



74 



Acts and Votes, fyc. 



And whereas the Collection of Antient 
Marbles bequeathed by the said Will and 
Codicil of the said Charles Townley was made 
by him with great Knowledge, Judgment 
and Care, and at a very considerable Ex- 
pence, and is generally considered to be one 
of the most valuable Collections of ancient 
Sculpture, and on many Accounts is such a 
Property as is highly desirable to be possessed 
by the Public : , 

And whereas a Proposal having been made 
by the Trustees of the British Museum to the 
said Edward Townley Standish, John Townley, 
and Peregrine Edward Townley for the Pur- 
chase of the said Collection of Ancient Mar- 
bles and Terra Cottas at or for the Price or 
Sum of Twenty thousand Pounds, and it hav- 
ing been represented to them that it was 
highly desirable the same should be possessed 
by the Public in a proper Repository gene- 
rally open at proper Times and under suitable 
Restrictions to the Inspection of Artists, and 
the Curious in the fine Arts, they the said 
Edward Townley Standish, John Townley, and 
Peregrine Edward Townley consented to the 
said Proposal, and agreed to add to the said 
Collection the Bronze Statues of Apollo and 



45 Georgii III. 



Hercules, which also belonged to and formed 
Part of the Collection of the said Charles 
Tozvnky, on Condition that the whole of the 
said Collection should be kept together and 
open to Inspection as herein-before is men- 
tioned, and called by the Name of the Town- 
leian Collection : 

May it therefore please your Majesty that 
it may be Enacted, And be it Enacted by the 
King's Most Excellent Majesty, by and with 
the Advice and Consent of the Lords Spiritual 
and Temporal, and Commons in this present 
Parliament assembled, and by the Authority 
of the same, that the Lord High Treasurer 
of Great Britain, or the Lords Commissioners 
of his Majesty's Treasury, or any Three or 
more of them shall, and he or they is and are 
hereby authorised and empowered out of any 
of the Aids or Supplies granted in this Session 
of Parliament for the Service of Great Britain 
for the Year One thousand Eight hundred 
and Five, immediately after the passing of 
this Act to issue and advance the Sum of 
Twenty thousand Pounds to the Trustees of 
the British Museum, or any Person to be ap- 
pointed by the said Trustees to receive the 
same, which Money shall be paid without any 



Acts and Votes, $c. 



Fee or other Deduction whatever, and shall be 
applied in the Purchase of the said Collec- 
tion : And that the Trustees of the British 
Museum shall, on or before the First Day of 
September One thousand Eight hundred and 
Six, require the Delivery of the said Collec- 
tion ; and if the same shall be then delivered 
to them, and they shall be satisfied that the 
several Statues and other Articles forming 
the said Collection are then conformable 
with the Catalogue thereof deposited in the 
British Museum, signed by the said Edward 
Townley Standish, Joseph Plant a. Esquire, 
Principal Librarian of the British Museum, 
and Taylor Combe, Esquire, another of the 
Librarians, and duly certified by them on 
the Third Day of July One thousand Eight 
hundred and Five, shall on the Delivery of 
the same into their Custody, pay the said 
Sum of Twenty thousand Pounds to the 
said John Townley, his Executors, Administra- 
tors, and Assigns, towards the Discharge of his 
said Mortgage Debt of Thirty-six thousand 
Five hundred Pounds : 

And be it further Enacted, That on pay- 
ment of the Sum of Twenty thousand Pounds 
the said Collection shall be vested in the, 



45 Georgii III. 



Trustees for the Time being of the said 
British Museum, and their Successors in per- 
petuity for the Purposes of the said Act of 
the Twenty-sixth Year of the Reign of His 
Jate Majesty King George the Second, ab^ 
solutely freed and discharged from all the 
Trusts, Powers, Provisoes, and Declarations, 
expressed or contained of or concerning the 
same by or in the said Will and Codicil of the 
said Charles Townley : 

And be it hereby further Enacted, That 
the said Collection shall be preserved and 
kept together in the said British Museum 
whole and intire, and distinguished by the 
Name or Appellation of the Townleian Col- 
lection: 

And be it Enacted by the Authority afore- 
said, That the said Edward Townley Standish 
shall be associated to the Trustees for the 
time being of the British Museum, in the 
Execution of the Trusts reposed in them by 
the said recited Act ; And that upon the 
Decease of the said Edward Townley Standish 
it shall be lawful for his Sons severally, suc- 
cessively, and in remainder one after another, 
as they respectively shall be in seniority of 
Age and Priority of Birth, and the Heirs of 



78 



Acts and Votes, &;c. 



their respective Bodies, being of full Age, and 
for his her or their Guardian or Guardians, 
during his, her, or their respective Minorities, 
and in default of such Issue to and for the 
said John Townley, and his Heirs, being of full 
Age, and for their respective Guardian or 
Guardians during their respective Minorities, 
by any Writing under their respective Hands, 
to nominate some fit Person to supply the 
Place of the said Edward Townley Standish, 
or the last actual Trustee in the said Trust, 
when and so often as any Person so nomi- 
nated shall happen to die : 

And be it further Enacted, That the Trustee 
hereby appointed, or so to be appointed as 
herein-before is mentioned, shall have the 
like Powers in all Respects in the Execution 
of the Trusts reposed or to be reposed by 
the said recited Act, or any other Act, in the 
Trustees of the British Museum, as are or 
shall be by the said Acts, or any of them, 
given to the Trustees therein named or 
described : 

And be it further Enacted, That until the 
said Sum of Twenty thousand Pounds shall 
be paid to the said John Townley, the same 
shall be laid out by the Trustees of the 



45 Georgii III. 



British Museum in the Purchase of Navy or 
Victualling Bills, or Exchequer Bills, and 
the Money received for the same as they 
respectively are paid off by Government, 
shall be laid out in the Purchase of other 
Navy, or Victualling, or Exchequer Bills, 
and all the said Navy, Victualling, or Ex- 
chequer Bills shall be deposited in the Bank 
in the Name of the Trustees of the British 
Museum, and shall there remain until the 
said Sum of Twenty thousand Pounds shall 
be payable to the said John Townley, And 
when the said Sum of Twenty thousand 
Ppunds shall be payable to the said John 
Townley the said Navy, Victualling, or Ex- 
chequer Bills shall be sold, and the Money 
which shall arise from the Sale thereof shall 
be paid to the Trustees of the British Mu- 
seum, and be by them paid over to the said 
John Townley, his Executors, Administrators, 
or Assigns, in the Discharge or Satisfaction 
of the said Sum of Twenty thousand Pounds; 
and whatever the said Navy, Victualling, or 
Exchequer Bills shall produce over and be- 
yond the said Sum of Twenty thousand 
Pounds, shall at the same time be paid with 
the said Sum of Twenty thousand Pounds to 



Acts and Votes, $$e. 



the said John Townley, his Executors, Ad- 
ministrators, and Assigns, in or towards dis- 
charge of the Interest which shall have ac- 
crued on the said Mortgage Debt of Thirty- 
six thousand Five hundred Pounds* 



[ 81 ] 



EXTRACTS 

FROM THE 

JOURNALS OF THE HOUSE OF 
COMMONS. 

12 Geo. III. 



Veneris, 20° Die Marti}, 1773, 
Resolved, 

That it is the Opinion of this Committee, 
That the Collection of Etruscan, Grecian, 
and Roman Antiquities, brought from Italy, 
by Sir William Hamilton, Knight of the most 
honourable Order of the Bath, be purchased, 
for the Use of the Public, and vested in tliQ 
Trustees of the British Museum* 
Resolved, 

That it is the Opinion of this Committee* 
That a Sum not exceeding Eight thousand 
Four hundred and Ten Pounds, be granted to 
His Majesty, to enable His Majesty to pur* 
chase for the Use of the Public the said 

F 



Acts and Votes, &$c. 



Collection of Etruscan, Grecian, and Roman 
Antiquities. 
Resolved, 

That it is the Opinion of this Committee, 
That a Sum not exceeding Eight hundred 
and Forty Pounds be granted to His Majesty 
to enable the Trustees of the British Museum 
to provide a proper Repository for the Re- 
ception of the said Collection of Etruscan, 
Grecian, and Roman Antiquities. 

The said Resolutions being severally read 
a second Time, were, upon the Question se- 
verally put thereupon, agreed to by the 
llouse. 



Lunce, 2° Die Julij, 1 804. 

A petition of the Trustees of the British 
Museum being offered to be presented to the 
House ; 

Mr. Chancellor of the Exchequer (by His 
Majesty's command) acquainted the House, 
that His Majesty, having been informed of 
the Contents of the said Petition, recommends 
It to the Consideration of the House,, 



44 Geo. III. 



Then the said Petition was brought up and 
read, setting forth, that His Majesty having 
been graciously pleased to Order the valuable 
Egyptian Antiquities which were acquired by 
His Majesty's victorious Arms during the 
late Expedition to Egypt, to be deposited in 
the British Museum, the Petitioners provided 
temporary Coverings for their Preservation, 
which, nevertheless, are found to be in- 
sufficient for protecting them from the Injury 
of the Weather; and it is apprehended that, 
unless better secured, they may, in a short 
Time, be materially Defaced, whereby His 
Majesty's gracious Intentions will be frus- 
trated, to the Detriment of Science, and the 
Disparagement of these memorable Trophies 
of National Glory ; and that the Petitioners, 
desirous to prevent Consequences so much to 
be regretted, have caused a Plan and Estimate 
to be prepared of an Addition to the present 
Building, for the Purpose of effectually pre- 
serving these valuable Monuments in a suit- 
able Manner, as well as for the Reception of 
other important Specimens of the fine Arts 
already in their Possession, and to which, it 
is hoped, that material Additions may ba 
made from Time to Time ; but, as the Ps* 



/lets and Votes, (§•(% 



titioners are unable to proceed in the Execu* 
tion of so necessary a Work, which, upon the 
most exact Computation cannot be completed 
at a less Expence than Sixteen thousand 
Pounds, without the Public Aid, they submit 
the whole Matter to the Wisdom and Muni- 
ficence of Parliament, conceiving that they 
should be wanting to the Public in the Exe-> 
cution of the Trust with which they have 
been invested, if they omitted tq represent 
these Circumstances, in confidence that an 
Institution so honourable to this Country, 
will never fail to receive the Support of the 
legislature. 
Ordered, 

That the said Petition cio lie upon the 
Table. 

Ordered, 

That the Plan and Estimate referred to in 
the said Petition be laid before the House. 

Martis, 3* Die Julij, 1804. 
The House being informed that Mr. Plania 
from the Trustees of the British Museum^ 
attended at the Door, he was called in, and 
at the Bar presented to the House pursuant 
to their Orders, 



U Geo. III. 



No. 1. Resolutions of Two Special Com- 
mittees respecting the Egyptian Antiquities ; 
and also, 

No. 2. Report of the Sub-Committee re- 
specting the Egyptian Antiquities ; and also, 

No. 3. A Paper, intituled, " British Museum, 
" 25th February, 1803, Estimate of the 
" Amount of the proposed Additions 5" and 
also, 

No. 4. Resolution of the General Meeting 
on the Report of the Sub-Committee respect- 
ing the Egyptian Antiquities ; and also, 

Several Plans and Designs for additional 
Buildings to the British Museum. 

And then he withdrew, and the Titles were 
read. 

Ordered, 

That the said Papers do lie upon the Table, 

Lunce, g 6 Die July, 1804. 
Ordered, 

That the Petition of the Trustees of the 
British Museum, which were presented to the 
House, upon the 2d Day of this Instant July, 
and also the several Papers and Plans relating 
thereto, be referred to the Committee of the 
whole House, to whom it is referred to 



Acts and Votes, Ǥ-c. 



consider further of the Supply granted to 

His Majesty. 

Martis 10° Die Julij, 1804. 
Resolved, 

That a Sum not exceeding Eight thousand 
Pounds be granted to His Majesty, towards 
enabling the Trustees of the British Museum 
to carry on the Execution of the Trusts re- 
posed in them by Parliament* 



45 Geo. III. 
Martis, 12° Die Februarii, 1805. 

A Pet ition of the Trustees of the British 
Museum, being offered to be presented to 
the House ; 

Mr. Chancellor of the Exchequer (by His 
Majesty's Command) acquainted the House, 
that His Majesty having been informed of 
the Contents of the said Petition, recom- 
mends it to the Consideration of the House. 

Then the said Petition was brought up, 
and read ; setting forth, That the Petitioners, 



45 Geo. IIL 



in the last Session of Parliament, presented 
to the House a Petition, submitting to their 
Consideration the necessity of providing a 
suitable Building for the Reception and Pre- 
servation of the Egyptian Antiquities, which 
His Majesty had been graciously pleased to 
place at the British Museum ; and, that in 
Consideration of the Matters then stated by 
the Petitioners, they obtained from the Boun- 
ty of Parliament a Grant of the Sum of Eight 
thousand Pounds, for the Commencement of 
such Building according to the Plan and 
Estimate laid before the House, the Total of 
the Expense estimated for completing the 
same, amounting to the Sum of Sixteen 
thousand Pounds ; and that since the End of 
the last Session of Parliament, the Petitioners 
have caused the Foundations of the said 
Building to be laid, and are at this Time pro- 
ceeding to the Execution of the said Plan ; 
and that the further Sum of Eight thousand 
Pounds, being the Residue of the said Sum 
of Sixteen thousand Pounds, will be soon 
wanting towards carrying on and completing 
the same, all which Matters they submit to 
the Wisdom and Munificence of Parliament. 



Acts and Votes, 8§c» 

Ordered, 

That the said Petition do lie upon the 
Table, 

Mercurii, I S 9 Die February 1805* 
Ordered, 

That the several Petitions of the Trustees 
of the British Museum, and the Accounts 
which were Yesterday presented to the House 
relating thereto be referred to the Committee 
of the whole House to whom it is referred to 
consider farther of the Supply granted to 
His Majesty, 

Jovis, I4f° Die Fehruarii, 1805. 
Resolved, 

That a Sum not exceeding Eight thousand 
Pounds be granted to His Majesty towards 
further enabling the Trustees of the British 
Museum to carry on the Execution of the 
Trusts reposed in them by Parliament. 

Mercurii, 5° Junii, 1805* 
A Petition of the Trustees of the British 
Museum, being offered to be presented to the 
House ; 



45 Geo. III. 



Mr. Chancellor of the Exchequer (by His 
Majesty's Command) acquainted the House, 
that His Majesty, having been informed of 
the contents of the said Petition, recom- 
mends it to the consideration of the House. 

Then the said Petition was brought up, and 
read ; setting forth, that, by the munificence 
of Parliament, the Sloanian and Harleian Col- 
lections of Books, Manuscripts, Records, Coins, 
Medals, Gems, and other rare and valuable 
Articles of Science and Literature, have been 
heretofore purchased at the public Expence* 
and placed as an Addition to the Cottoman 
Library, under the care and management of 
the Trustees of the British Museum; and that 
the Collection of Etruscan, Grecian and Roman 
Antiquities, belonging to the late Sir William 
Hamilton, was afterwards purchased by Par- 
liament in like manner, and vested in the 
same Trustees, to be placed in the same ge- 
neral Repository ; and that many large and 
valuable Benefactions of Books, Coins, Medals, 
and Specimens of Natural History, have since 
been received, from time to time, so as nearly 
to occupy the whole of the building assigned 
for those purposes; that when His Majesty 
was graciously pleased to direct that the 



Acts and Votes^ 8$c. 



Egyptian Antiquities, obtained in the last 
War by the valour of His Majesty's Arms 
should be placed in the British Museum, a 
liberal Aid was granted by Parliament towards 
the Erection of a suitable Addition to the 
present Building, as well for the purpose of 
preserving these securely and conveniently, 
as also for the reception of other important 
Specimens of the Fine Arts, already in the 
possession of the Trustees, and to which it 
was hoped that material Additions might be 
made from time to time, which Building has 
been undertaken accordingly, and will be 
nearly completed in the course of the present 
Year; and that the late Charles Tow?iley y Esq, 
who was a Trustee of the British Museum, 
did in his life-time, by successful Exer- 
tions, and at a large Expence, during a 
long Course of Years, form a most valuable 
Collection of Antient Sculptured Marbles, 
which, for their perfect Condition, and ex- 
quisite Taste, far exceed any private Col- 
lection in this country, and are not sur- 
passed (as it is believed) by any other of 
equal Extent in Europe; and that the Family 
of the late Charles Townley, Esquire, to whom 
this Collection was bequeathed, in conse- 



45 Geo. ttt 



<qiience of a representation to them, that the 
preserving and exhibiting it to the public 
View in the Metropolis would be highly ad* 
vantageous to the Cultivation of the Fine 
Arts, and at the same time honourable to the 
memory of their deceased Relation, have ex- 
pressed their consent to surrender this Col- 
lection to the Public, if Parliament should be 
disposed to Purchase the same at the Sum of 
Twenty thousand Pounds, being (as they 
state) far less than its value, and if the like 
privilege were conferred upon their Family 
as was granted, in the like Cases, to the 
Families of Sir Hans Shane and the Earl of 
Oxford, by vesting in the Heirs of the late 
Charles Townley, Esquire, the Power of no- 
minating two Trustees of the British Museum 
in perpetual Succession ; and that the Pe- 
titioners conceive it to be an Object of great 
National Importance for the Improvement of 
the Fine Arts, that a Collection of Antique 
Sculpture, of such acknowledged and un- 
rivalled Excellence, should be acquired and 
preserved for Public Inspection and Use ; 
and they have felt it the more incumbent 
upon them, to submit these Circumstances 
to the Consideration of Parliament; as they 



Acts and Votes, fyc* 



believe it to be universally allowed, that a 
Collection in this Branch of the Fine Arts ? 
to which Artists can have free Access, is 
inuch wanted in this Country, and as the 
additional Buildings, already provided for 
by the liberality of Parliament, have been 
planned in a manner the best adapted for re- 
ceiving such a Collection, and exhibiting it 
to the greatest Advantage. 
Ordered, 

That the said Petition be referred to the 
Consideration of a Committee ; and that they 
do examine the Matter thereof, and report 
the same, as it shall appear to them, to the 
House. 

Mercurii, 19* t>le Junii, 1805. 
Resolved, 

That it is the Opinion of this Committee, 
That it would be an Object of great National 
Importance for the Improvement of the Fine 
Arts, that a Collection of Antique Sculpture, 
of such acknowledged and unrivalled Ex- 
cellence as that which is now offered to the 
Public, should be acquired and preserved 
for public Inspection and Use, particularly 



45 Geo. Ill, 



if Measures were taken to afford Artists free 
Access to the said Collection. 

Resolved, 

That it is the Opinion of this Committee, 
That the Sum of Twenty thousand Pounds is 
a moderate Price for the Purchase of the 
said Collection. 

Lunce, 24' Die Junii, 1 805. 
Resolved, 

That the Collection of Sculptured Marbles 
and Terra Cottas, and certain Bronzes, of the 
late Charles Townley, Esquire, be purchased 
for the Use of the Public, and vested in the 
Trustees of the British Museum. 
Resolved, 

That a Sum, not exceeding Twenty thous- 
and Pounds, be granted to His Majesty, to 
enable His Majesty to purchase for the Use 
of the Public the said Collection ; and that 
the said Sum be issued and paid without any 
fee or other Deduction whatsoever. 



STATUTES AND RULES 

EOR THE 

BRITISH MUSEUM, 

ESTABLISHED AT 

A GENERAL MEETING OF THE TRUSTEES 
$d of June, 1805. 



1805. 



At a General Meeting of the Trustees of the 
British Museum, 

9th February. 

Resolved, 

That the Speaker of the House of Commons, Sir 
Joseph Banks, and Mr. Sloane, be appointed a Com- 
mittee to examine and revise the Statutes and Rules 
relating to the inspection and use of the Museum, and 
report to a General Meeting such Alterations as they 
shall think proper to be made in them. 

At a General Meeting, 
1st of Jufie. 

The Committee reported that they had proceeded 
to examine and revise the said Statutes and Rules, and 
delivered in the Draft thereof as revised and altered 
by them for the consideration of the Trustees. 

At a General Meeting, 
3d of June. 

The said Report having been taken into considera^ 
tion upon the 1st inst. and upon this day, the Statutes 
and Rules proposed in the said Report were, with some 
Amendments and Additions, agreed to . and esta«t 
Wished. 



Statutes and Rules for the British 
Museum. 



CHAPTER I. 

Of the Meetings, Functions, and Privileges of the 
Trustees. 

1. There shall be four General Meetings General Meet- 
of the Trustees at the Museum in every year, 
namely, upon the second Saturday in Feb- 
ruary, May, July, and December. # 

2. Besides the aforesaid General Meetings, 
it shall be in the power of any three Trustees, 
to call, at such times as they shall think ex- 
pedient, Extraordinary General Meetings, 
by giving proper notice to the Principal 
Librarian, or in his absence to the Secretary; 
who is upon such notice to send the usual 
summons for that purpose to each of the 
Trustees. 

* A general meeting must consist of Seven Trus- 
tees at the least. Vide 27 Geo. II. 

G 



9$ 



Trustees, their Meetings, 



CHAP. I. 3. For the better enforcing and carrying 
^• t n t ^ ng Com " into execution the Orders and Rules that 
shall from time to time be made by the Ge- 
neral Meeting, and also for the more easy 
management of all the affairs relating to the 
Museum, a Standing Committee, to be ap-r 
pointed by the Trustees in a General Meet^ 
ing, shall always subsist; which Committee 
(whereof three shall be a quorum) shall meet 
at the Museum, on such stated day in every 
month as they shall appoint, and as much 
oftener as they shall judge to be necessary 
or expedient for the service of the Museum, 
and at such other times as they shall be 
summoned by order of any three Trustees 
signified as is expressed in the preceding 
Article ; and all the Trustees who shall at 
any time come to the Committee, shall have 
voices in the said Committee. 
! 4. The said Committee shall have power 
to make temporary orders in such cases as 
may seem of too little importance to require 
the immediate calling of a General Meeting, 
or on pressing emergencies, where there is 
not sufficient time to take the sense of a Ge- 
neral Meeting; in all which cases they shall 
report such orders to the next General 



Functions, and Privileges. 



99 



Meeting : but where the matter under their CHAP. I. 
deliberation is of such consequence as to de- mince" 2 C ° m * 
serve the attention and determination of a 
General Meeting, and the time will permit^ 
they shall either cause one to be summoned 
for that purpose, or lay the same before the 
next General Meeting, as they shall judge 
most expedient. 

5. They shall also have power to affix the 
Seal of the Corporation to any application to 
Parliament for money, and also to the Me- 
morial to the Lords Commissioners of His 
Majesty's Treasury, requesting payment of 
the same : provided notice shall have been 
given to every Trustee that the Committee 
is summoned for one of those purposes, spe- 
cifying for which of them. 

6\ They shall also have power to settle and 
determine, or to refer to a General Meeting 
according as they shall think most proper, 
all disputes and differences among the officers, 
if any such should happen to arise, and cannot 
otherwise be accommodated, 

7. They are also to inquire, as often as 
they shall think fit, into the conduct of ail 
the officers and servants; to receive from 
the Principal Librarian, or one or more of 



100 Trustees, their Meetings^ 

CHAP. I. the subordinate officers, any scheme or pro* 
miuee" 2 C ° m " P osa ^ f° r the better ordering or managing 
the Museum, or any part of it ; as also any 
complaint of neglect in the management 
thereof, or of disobedience to the orders of 
the General Meeting or Committee; and 
give such directions therein as they shall 
think proper; and if they shall judge it to 
deserve the notice and consideration of a 
General Meeting, they shall lay the same 
before such Meeting. 

8. They are also to give leave of absence 
to the officers, up6n application from the said 
officers, and at such times as they shall think 
proper ; provided that such leave of absence 
do not exceed the space of thirty days in 
one year, unless the case should appear to 
be of such importance as necessarily to re- 
quire longer absence : and the said leave is 
not to be granted to more than three of the 
officers at the same time, nor to so many 
unless in cases of necessity ; it being under- 
stood that there shall always remain one 
officer at least of each department resident 
in the house.* 

* By Slat. 26 Geo. IT. no officer's place can be 
supplied by deputy, unless for occasional sickness or 



Functions, and Privileges. 



101 



9. They are also to overlook and examine CHAP. I. 
the bills of tradesmen, and all other demands mitt«? s Cot 
upon the Museum ; and if they approve the 

same, to order the Expenditor* to pay them, 
or where they think it more proper, to make 
drafts upon such person as shall or may from 
time to time be appointed by the Trustees in 
a General Meeting to act as Banker, or 
Cashier, to the Corporation. 

10. They are also to make drafts from time 
to time upon the said Cashier, or Banker, for 
the payment of the salaries of the officers, as 
also for such money as they shall think pro- 
per to be imprested to the Expenditor. 

11. There shall be a general Visitation of visItatIon ° 
the Museum by the Trustees on the day of 

the General Meeting, appointed to be holden 
on the second Saturday of May in each year : 
The Visitation to commence immediately 
after the conclusion of the business of the 
General Meeting ; but in case there shall 
not be a sufficient attendance of Trustees to 

other cause of absence, approved by the Archbishop 
of Canterbury, the Chancellor, and the Speaker of the 
House of Commons, or any two of them. 

# See chap. II. of these Statutes,, § 1, and § 9. 



l6i trustees, their Meetings; 

CHA?. I. constitute a General Meeting, the said Visi- 
iTiiitation. tation shall nevertheless be inade by such 
Trustees as shall be then present. 

\% Besides the said annual Visitation, the 
Trustees in a General Meeting may appoint 
Visitations either of the whole, or any part 
of the Collection, as often and on such days, 
as they shall think fit : ten days notice of the 
day and hour of every Visitation, whether 
general or partial, shall be sent by the Secre- 
tary to each of the Trustees. 

13. Every Trustee shall have free access 
(as of right he ought) to any part of the 
Museum, and may take with him any number 
of person^ of whose names he shall sign a 
list in a book to be kept for the purpose by 
the directing officer of the day ; but it shall 
be only during such time as the Museum 
shall be open to view, 

14. Every Trustee who shall have occasion 
to consult any book, manuscript, or other 
part of the Collection, may require the article 
from the officer of the respective depart- 
ments, and make use of the same in any part 
of the Museum he shall judge convenient, 
during the time that the Museum shall be 



Functions, and Privileges. 



103 



open; and upon his leaving the Museum, he CHAP. I. 
shall return such book, manuscript, or part Vlsltati0IU 
of the Collection, to the said officer. 

15. And that the several Orders and 
Rules established hereby, and from time to 
time by the Trustees in General Meetings . 
may be more exactly observed and complied 
■with, the several Trustees are requested 
frequently to visit the Museum itself at 
such times as the same shall be open to 
vieWi 



104 



CHAPTER II. 

Concerning the Duties of the Officers, 

Officers. 1. The Establishment of the Museum con- 
sists at present of the following officers and 
attendants. 

1st. A Principal Librarian, who is likewise 
Expenditor, 

2d. Three Under Librarians, one to each 
department, chiefly employed in arranging 
the contents of their respective departments, 
viz. 

The Library of Printed Books, 
The Library of Manuscripts, and 
The Collections of Natural History, An- 
tiquities, and Artificial Curiosities. 
3d. Three Assistant Librarians, one to each 
department, with the like duties as the Under 
Librarians, but subject to their directions 
respectively. 

4th. A Keeper of the Coins and Medals, 
who is upon the footing of an Assistant 
Librarian. 

5th. An Extra Assistant in the Library. 



Officers, their Duties, 



105 



6th. A Secretary ; an office now holden by CHAP. II. 
one of the Under Librarians. 

7th. An Accountant, who keeps the ac- 
counts of the Corporation, and prepares such 
as are required to be laid before Parliament. 

8th. Three Attendants, chiefly employed 
in exhibiting the Museum. 

2. Inasmuch as the Principal and all the Residence 
Under and Assistant Librarians, have apart- 
ments allotted to them in the Museum, they 

are strictly enjoined to reside therein, unless 
in cases when leave of absence is granted to 
them, according to the 7th Article of Chap. I. 
of these Statutes. 

3. The Principal Librarian being chiefly principal Li- 
entrusted with the care and custody of the 
Museum, he is to attend in the Museum as 
constantly as shall be necessary for the dis- 
charge of his duty, and for putting in execu- 
tion the orders of the Trustees which have 

any relation to him. 

4. He shall take care that all the subor- 
dinate officers and servants perform their 
respective duties, and obey the orders which 
have already been, or shall hereafter be made 
by the Trustees; and also pay all reasonable 



106 



Officers, their Duties, 



CHAP. "II. attention that no irregularity be committed 
WaS alLi " with* 11 the precincts of the Museum. 

I 5. Upon extraordinary occasions, such as 
when persons of eminence, either for rank or 
learning, especially Foreigners, are desirous 
of inspecting the whole, or any part of the 
Museum, and shall make it appear that they 
cannot conveniently avail themselves of the 
usual mode of admission, the Principal Li- 
brarian shall be allowed to grant to such 
persons extraordinary admission ; and he shall 
either attend them himself, or appoint some 
other officer to accompany them. 

6. He shall also be allowed to grant tem- 
porary admission into the Reading Room, to 
such persons as apply during the intervals 
between the Meetings of the Committee ; 
such leave however to become void unless 
confirmed at the next subsequent Meeting, 

7. He shall confirm the rotations of at- 
tendance agreed upon by the subordinate 
officers and attendants ; and in case of sick- 
ness, death, or allowed absence of any of 
them, he shall supply their turns out of the 

. other officers or attendants then in the house. 

8. He shall be particularly vigilant as to 



Officers, their Duties. 



107 



any accidents by fire or theft, and enforce by CHAP. it. 

, . i- A i , • Principal Lis. 

every means in his power the regulations on brarian. 
those heads contained in the fourth chapter 
of these Statutes. 

9. The Principal Librarian, if intrusted with 
the office of Expenditor to the Museum, shall 
in that capacity keep an exact account of all 
the imprests and expenditures, which account 
shall be audited at a General Meeting or 
Committee at least once a year. He shall 
likewise examine and check all bills sent iri 
by trades-people, (except those of the work- 
men, which are to be examined by the Sur- 
veyor,) and certify that tha charges are duly- 
made, and that the computations are accurate. 

10. In case of sickness, death, or allowed 
absence of the Principal Librarian, the Se- 
cretary, if that office be holden by one of the 
Under Librarians, or, if not, the senior Under 
Librarian in residence, shall be considered as 
his representative, and be empowered to ex- 
ercise all the functions prescribed in] the 
foregoing Articles. 

11. The subordinate officers are to aid and 
assist the Principal Librarian in all matters 
relating to his duty, in respect to the care 
and custody of the Museum; and they are 



3 08 



Officers i , their Duties, 



CHAP. IL hereby strictly enjoined to give immediate 
notice to the Principal Librarian if any article 
in the Museum shall be lost or damaged, 

Under and 12. The Under and Assistant Librarians 

Assistant Li- 
brarians. are to be particularly careful that every thing 

within their respective departments be at all 
times preserved in good and exact order; 
and that the apartments containing that part 
of the collection which is under their care, be 
kept as neat and clean as is consistent with 
the admission of persons to view and make 
use of the same. 

13. Inasmuch as three additional Attend- 
ants have of late been appointed for the pur* 
pose of exonerating the Under and Assistant 
Librarians from the ordinary duty of shewing" 
the Museum, the said Librarians, in lieu of 
that duty, shall employ themselves in arrang- 
ing scientifically, and in making catalogues 
of all additions that may be made from time 
to time to the collections entrusted to their 
care ; and also in re-arranging the old col- 
lections, and correcting the old catalogues, 
whenever either may stand in need of it : 
and in performing this duty, they shall be 
particularly careful to enter in the catalogue 
references to the places where the respective 



Officers, their Duties. 



109 



articles are deposited ; and also to note and CHAP. II. 
affix on the said articles, the references so ^StantLi. 
made in the catalogues : and they shall seve- brarians> 
rally report their progress in these works, 
and state it accurately to the Trustees at the 
General Meet ins: on the second Saturday of 
May in each year. 

14. One of the Under or Assistant Libra- 
rians shall, according to a rota to be agreed 
upon among themselves, and confirmed by 
the Principal Librarian, be always in waiting 
in the Museum, and be considered as the di- 
recting officer of the day. He shall regulate 
the admission of visitors, according to the 
directions laid down in the following chap- 
ter;* and shall likewise see that due order 
and decency be preserved by all persons in 
the Museum, either visitors or domestics. 

15. One of the Under or Assistant Libra- 
rians shall also in rotation be always in 
waiting in the Library, and take particular 
care that the readers be supplied without de- 
lay with such books and manuscripts as they 
may apply for. During their days of attend- 
ance thev are also to assist in forwarding; the 

* See Chap. III. of these Statutes, § 3. 



HQ Officers, their fiuties. 

CHAP. II. arrangement of the books, and in the com- 
pilation of the catalogues. 
Itoora^ ^ s P ro P er management of the 

Reading Room is essentially important to 
the utility and credit of the Museum, it is 
particularly enjoined that one of the Under 
pr Assistant Librarians do always attend in 
the said Room.* And the Trustees, being 
particularly anxious that this duty be punc- 
• tually executed, do strictly order that the 
officer, whose turn it shall be to attend in 
the said Room, do, on no account whatever, 
leave it, without another officer having agreed s 
and being actually come to supply his place, 
Ajid in order the better to enforce this im- 
portant duty, the Messenger, or his Assist- 
ant, shall keep a book, in which he shall 
enter daily the name of the officer who has 
the whole, or any part of the day, attended 
the said Reading Room ; which book shall be 
laid before every meeting of the Standing 
Committee. 

17. The Principal Librarian shall keep a 
book, in which shall be entered the names 
of all those who have duly obtained ad- 
* Vide Chap. III. §9, 



Officers, their Duties, 



111 



mission into the Reading Room ; and the CHAP. II. 
duty of the officer, in waiting shall be to Room., 
take care that no one enter the Room with- 
out being duly authorised; to see that the 
readers are severally accommodated, and pro- 
vided with such books or manuscripts as 
they may require; and to assist them, so far 
as may be in his power, in the objects of 
their research : he shall also see that they do 
not damage the books or manuscripts, or 
annoy any of the other readers, 

18. The Principal Librarian, and, at least, 
one officer of each department, shall give 
due attendance at all General Meetings of 
the Trustees; and all the officers shall be 
within the Precincts of the Museum during 
the time of any Visitation. 

19. In framing these regulations, the 
Trustees are aware that it is impossible for 
them to define the duty of each officer with 
a sufficient degree of precision for all pos- 
sible emergencies ; in addition, therefore, 
to the above rules, it is to be considered 
as a general instruction to the several of- 
ficers, that they do conduct themselves as 
becomes men of honour, integrity, and libe- 



112 



Officers their Duties. 



CHAP. II. rality, in the conscientious discbarge of 
«ruction!! a " the respective duties of their stations, and 

as men who have the credit and utility of 

this Institution truly at heart 



[ H3] 



CHAPTER III. 



Concerning the Admission into the British Museum. 
1. The Museum shall be kept open for Days and Hour* 

of visiting the 

public inspection every Monday, Wednesday, Museum, 
and Friday ; except in the Christmas, Easter, 
and Whitsun weeks ; on Thanksgiving and 
Fast-days, and during the months of August 
and September. 

2. Persons who wish to see the Museum 
are to apply in the anti-room of the house 
on any of the above-mentioned open days, 
between the hours of ten and two, where 
each individual will be required to inscribe 
his or her name, and place of abode, in a 
book to be kept for that purpose. 

3. Five companies of not more than fifteen Number of 
persons each, may be admitted in the course mittecL * d " 
of the day; namely, one at each of the hours 

of ten, eleven, twelve, one, and two. At 
each of these hours the directing officer in 
waiting* shall examine the entries in the 
* Vide Chap. II. § 14. 

H 



114 



Admission into the Museum, 



CHAP. III. book, and if none of the persons inscribed 

Persons 

be found exceptionable, be shall deliver to 
each of them a ticket for immediate ad- 
mission, and put them under the conduct of 
the attendant, whose instructions require 
him to allow them such time as shall be rea- 
sonably sufficient for viewing each part of 
the Museum. Should more than, fifteen per- 
sons apply at any particular hour, the super- 
numeraries will be allowed to inscribe their 
names for the next hour, or should that be 
engaged, for any other subsequent hour in 
succession. 

4. Should more than seventy-five persons 
apply in the course of the day, the last 
comers (to the number of fifteen and no 
more) shall be allowed to inscribe their 
names for an extra company to be admitted 
on the same day at or soon after two o'clock. 

5. Should more persons apply than can be 
admitted according to the above regulations, 
the supernumeraries shall be allowed to in- 
scribe their names in a separate book to be 
kept for that purpose ; and the directing 
officer in waiting shall order tickets to be 
made out for them for one of the inter- 
mediate days 5 viz. Tuesday, or Thursday, 



Admission into the Museum. 



115 



and for the hours of ten, twelve, or two, CHAP. HI, 
preferring the nearest day and hour, but ex- Per^ns r ° f 
tending further if occasion should require. mi e * 
The number of each set for any given hour 
shall be limited to fifteen. 

6. No admission or tickets shall be granted 
but to persons who apply and inscribe their 
names themselves ; it being very essential 
towards the free admission into the Museum, 
which the Trustees are particularly solicitous 
to establish, that the practice of monopoliz- 
ing tickets, which has heretofore been too 
prevalent, be effectually obviated. 

7. Beside the two above-mentioned modes 
of admission, the officers of the Museum 
are not only permitted, but even invited to 
exhibit the Museum to such of their friends, 
or persons of distinction for rank or learning, 
as may occasionally apply to them for a sight 
of the whole or any part of it ; but in such 
cases they are required to attend the visitors 
personally. 

8. It is expected that persons who visit 
the Museum be decent and orderly in their 
appearance and behaviour ; the officers being 
instructed to refuse admission to, or to cause 
to withdraw, any person who shall disregard 

H £ 



116 



Admission into the Museum. 



CHAP. III. this caution. No children apparently under 
ten years of age will be admitted. 
Reading 9* The Reading Room of the Museum 
oora * shall be kept open from ten till four every 
day in the week, except Saturdays and Sun- 
days, and for one week at Christmas, Easter, 
and Whitsuntide; and on Thanksgiving and 
Fast-days ; and it shall be constantly at- 
tended by one of the Librarians in the manner 
above directed.* 

10. Persons desirous of admission into the 
said Room, are to send their applications in 
writing to the Principal Librarian, or in his 
absence to the Secretary ; these officers are 
to lay the same before the next General 
Meeting, or Committee of Trustees, who 
will, if they see no objection, grant admission 
for a term not exceeding half a year. But 
in all cases which may require such dispatch 
as that time cannot be allowed for an ap- 
plication to the Trustees, the Principal Li- 
brarian, or, in his absence, the Secretary, 
shall be empowered to grant a temporary 
leave till the next General Meeting or 
Committee. 

11. Persons who apply for admission to 

* Vide Chap. II. § 16 and 17. 



Admission into the Museum* 



117 



the Reading Room are to specify their de- CHAP. III. 
scriptions and places of abode ; and as it 
might be dangerous, in so populous a metro- 
polis as London, to admit perfect strangers, 
it is expected that every one who applies, if 
not known to any Trustee or Officer, should 
produce a recommendation from some person 
of known and approved character. 

12. Every reader may, at the expiration 
of his term, apply for a prolongation of the 
same, without a fresh recommendation. 

13. Transcribers are not to lay the paper Regulations 

. /-lii and Cautions. 

on which they write on any part or the book 
or manuscript they are using. 

14. No person is, on any pretence what- 
ever, to write on any part of a printed book 
or manuscript belonging to the Museum ; 
but if any one should observe a defect in 
such book or manuscript, he is requested to 
signify the same to the officer in waiting. 

15. Persons engaged in works of learning, 
or in the prosecution of any useful design, 
and having occasion to examine any part of 
the collection with more attention than can 
be done in the ordinary way of viewing the 
Museum ; or using the Reading Room, or 
having occasion to make a drawing of any 



118 



Admission into the Museum. 



CHAP. ill. thing contained in the Museum, are to apply 
a^rJaudoL t0 tne Trustees in a General Meeting, or to 
the Standing Committee, for particular leave 
for that purpose; who will give directions 
according to the circumstances of the case. 

16. The respective officers whom it may 
concern, viz. either the Keeper of the Ma- 
nuscripts, or the officer in the Reading 
Room, are charged to be particularly at-? 
tentive in observing persons who may have 
occasion to inspect manuscripts, charters, 
deeds, or other instruments which are liable 
to be called for as evidence. 

17. No part of the collections belongs 
ing to the Museum shall be at any time 
carried out of the precincts thereof ; ex? 
cept such books, charters, deeds, or other 
manuscripts as are wanted to be made use 
of in evidence. In this case, application 
shall be made for leave to a Meeting 
of the Trustees ; or, if limited for time, 
to the Principal Librarian; which leave 
being obtained, one of the Under or As- 
sistant Librarians shall be allowed to carry 
put the article required ; but he shall keep 
it constantly in his custody, and allow it to 
be inspected only in his presence ; for this 



Admission into the Museum, 



119 



extraordinary trouble and attendance it is CHAP. III. 
expected that a proper satisfaction be made ™ d g cS^. 
him. 

18. The collection of coins and medals 
shall not be shewn but by leave of a Meeting 
of the Trustees, or of the Principal Li- 
brarian ; no persons shall be admitted into 
the room to see them except in the presence 
of the Keeper of the Collection ; nor shall 
more than two persons be admitted at the 
same time, without the Principal Librarian, 
or some subordinate officer of his appoint- 
ment attending the whole time, together 
with the Keeper of the Collection ; and in 
no case shall more than four persons be ad- 
mitted at the same time. 

19. No officer, attendant, or servant, shall 
take any fee, reward, or gratuity from per- 
sons visiting the Museum, or in any way 
making use of its contents ; except in the 
above mentioned case of attending courts 
with evidence, or of being extra officially 
employed by readers to make searches or 
transcripts, when a proper compensation may 
be agreed for. 

20. It is hei'eby intended and declared that Royal Family, 
none of the particular restraints concerning 



120 



Admission into the Museum, 



CHAP. III. the inspection and use of the British Mu~ 
Royal Family. geum foe^n contained, are to be construed 

to extend to the Royal Family* whenever 
they shall do the Museum the honour of 
visiting it in person, 



[ 121 ] 



CHAPTER IV. 

Concerning the Security of the Museum, 

1. The Museum shall at no time whatsoever precautions 
be left without one at least of the officers asainstfiie,< 
within the same, or the precincts thereof, 
that proper orders may be given and due 
care taken for its preservation in case of fire, 
or any other accident which may endanger 
the building or its contents. In case of any 
such accident, the Principal Librarian, or, 
in his absence, the Secretary, or the next 
officer in rank who shall be in the Museum, 
shall be, and he is hereby impowered to give 
such orders as in his judgment will best con- 
duce to the safety and preservation of the 
same. 

2. Each of the officers shall pay particular 
attention to the security of his department; 
and for this purpose he shall see that after 
the companies leave the House, the windows 
and doors be properly secured, and that such 
care be taken of the fires in the stoves that 
no danger may arise therefrom. The Mes- 
senger and his Assistant shall likewise, under 



122 



Security of the Museum. 



CHAP. IV. the direction of the Principal Librarian, fre- 
a P s Wfirc, S &c. quently visit the hall, passages, (especially 
those on the base story,) and other places 
from whence danger may be apprehended ; 
they shall examine whether every part of 
them is safe from accidents of any kind; and 
see that.no person is lurking therein ; and in 
the performance of this duty they shall, if 
requisite, be assisted by the Porter and the 
two Watchmen, or any of them. 

3. And since for this service, and for light- 
ing the fires, or in case of accidents happen- 
ing in the night, it will or may be necessary 
that lighted candles should be brought into 
the Museum, or body of the House, such 
lighted candles for those uses shall be carried 
in lanthorns to be provided for that purpose : 
but lighted candles are never to be brought 
into the Museum on any other occasion or 
in any other manner. 

4. But if, notwithstanding all these pre- 
cautions, a fire should unfortunately break 
out in the Museum itself, or any of the 
buildings thereto belonging, or even in the 
neighbourhood thereof, or if any other ac- 
cident should happen whereby the Museum 
or collection should be in danger, every 



Security of the Museum. 



123 



officer or servant discovering it, or being CHAP. IV. 
apprised thereof, shall immediately give fg"f n "fi«* &c< 
notice of it to all the other officers and 
servants, who are forthwith to give their 
attendance and utmost assistance for the pre- 
servation of the Museum and its appurte- 
nances; and also give immediate notice to 
such of the Trustees as live within a reason- 
able distance. 

5. The Principal Librarian shall take care 
that the engines for extinguishing fire, and 
the pipes belonging to them, be continually 
kept in good order; and that the reservoir 
over the engine house be always full, or 
nearly full of water. He shall also take care 
that the keys of the cases of the stop cocks 
(which, by the contract with the New River 
Company, are to be left in his custody) be 
always deposited in a proper place, where 
they may be come at in case any accident 
by fire should happen during his absence. 



[ 124 ] 



Original Appointment and Succession 

OF 

Trustees and Officers of the BRITISH MUSEUM. 



I. TRUSTEES. 

1. BY OFFICE. 

Principal Trustees. 

Offices. Names. 1805. 

The Archbishop of Canterbury - Dr. Charles Manners Sutton, 
The Lord Chancellor - - John Lord Eldon. 
The Speaker of the House of Commons The Right Hon. Charles Abbot. 

ALSO, 

The Lord President of the Council John Jefferies Earl Camden. 
The First Lord of the Treasury - The Right Hon. William Pitt. 
The Lord Privy Seal - - John Earl of Westmoreland. 

The First Lord of the Admiralty - Charles Lord Barham. 
The Lord Steward - . Heneage Earl of Aylesford. 

The Lord Chamberlain - - George Earl of Dartmouth. 

r Hen. Rob. Ld. Vise. Castlereagh. 
The Principal Secretaries of State - < Henry Lord Mulgrave. 

v Robert Banks Lord Hawkesbury. 
The Bishop of London ~ • Dr. Beilby Porteus. 
The Chancellor of the Exchequer - The Right Hon, William Pitt. 
The Lord Chief Justice King's Bench Edward Lord Ellenborough. 
The Master of the Rolls - - The Right Hon. Sir W. Grant. 
The Lord Chief Justice Common Pleas The Rt. Hon. Sir Jas. Mansfield, 
The Attorney General - - The Hon. Spencer Perceval 
The Solicitor General - • Sir Vicary Gibbs. 
The President of the Royal Society - TheRt.Hon.SirJos.Banks, Bt.K,B* 
The President of the Coll. of Physician* Sir Lucas Pepy s 3 Bart. 



[ 125 ] 



2. SUCCESSION OF FAMILY TRUSTEES. 
Sloane Family. 

1753 Charles Lord Cadogan. 
— Hans Stanley, Esq. 

1779 Charles Sloane Lord Cadogan - v. Charles Lord Cadogan. 

1780 Rt. Hon. Welbore Ellis, (Ld. Mendip) v. Henry Stanley. 
Hans Sloane, Esq. - - - - v. Lord Mendip. 

Cotton Family. 

1753 Samuel Burroughs, Esq. 

— Thomas Hart, Esq. 
1757 Philip Earl of Hardwicke - - v. Thomas Hart, Esq. 
1764 Velters Cornewall, Esq. - - - v. S. Burroughs, Esq. 

Hon. Charles Yorke v. Earl of Hardwicke. 

1768 John Bosworth, D. D. - - v. V. Cornewall, Esq. 

1770 Francis Barrell, Esq. - . - v. Hon. C. Yorke. 
1772 Francis Annesley, Esq. - - - v. F. Barrell, Esq. 
1786 Sir George Cornewall, Bart. - - v. J. Bosworth, D.D. 

Harley Family. 

1753 William Duke of Portland 

— Edward Earl of Oxford. 

1755 Edward Earl of Oxford - - - v. Earl of Oxford. 

1764 Wm. H. Cavendish Duke of Portland v. Wm. Duke of Portland. 

1793 W. H. C. Bentinck Marq. of Titchfield v. Earl of Oxford. 

Townley Family. 
1805 Edward Townley Standish, Esq. 



[ 126] 



3. SUCCESSION OF ELECTED TRUSTEES. 

, First 
Election 
1753. 

Archibald Duke of Argyle. , 
Hugh Earl of Northumberland. 
R. H. Lord Charles Cavendish. 
Hugh Lord Willoughby of Parham. 
Hon. Philip Yorke. 
Sir George Littleton, Bart. 
Sir John Evelyn, Bart. 
William Sloane, Esq. 
James West, Esq. 
Nicholas Hardinge, Esq. 
Charles Gray, Esq, 
William Sotiieby, Esq. 
Thomas Birch, D. D. 
John Ward, LL. D. 
Mr. William Watson. 

Succession. 

1761 Right Hon. Arthur Onslow - 
Gustavus Brander, Esq. 

1765 John, Earl of Bute - 

— James Harris, Esq. 

— Daniel Wray, Esq. 

1766 Charles Lyttleton Bishop of Carlisle 
Matthew Duane, Esq. 

1767 Hans Sloane, Esq. 

1768 William Earl of Besborough 

1769 Hon. Edwin Sandys (Lord Sandys) 

1772 Richard Kaye, D. D. 

1773 Henry Cavendish, Esq 
17S3 Sir William Hamilton, K. B. - 
- — Sir William Musgrave, Bart. 



- v. Duke of Argyle. 
* %). N. Hardinge, Esq. 

- v. John Ward, LL.D. 

- v. Sir John Evelyn, Bart. 
~ v. Ld. Willoughby of Par- 
ham. 

- v. Thomas Birch, D. D. 

- v. William Sotheby, Esq. 

- v. William Sloane, Esq. 

- v. Rt. Hon. Arthur Onslow, 

- v. Bishop of Carlisle. 

- v, James West, Esq. 

- v. Sir George Lyttleton. 

- v. J ames Harris, Esq. 

- v. Charles Gray, Esq. 



[ 127 ] 

Succession. 

1784 Rev. Clayton Mordaunt Cracherode. 
M. A. 

1784 Thomas Tyrwhitt, Esq. 
1787 Heneage Earl of Aylesford 

— George Earl of Leicester 

John Douglas Bishop of Salisbury 

— Thomas Astle, Esq. - 
1791 Charles Townley, Esq. 

George John Earl Spencer 

1793 Augustus Henry Duke of Grafton 

Right Hon. Frederick Montagu 

1797 Lord Frederick Campbell 

1799 Shute Barrington Bishop of Durham 

1800 John Marquis of Bute 

1801 Alexander Earl of Rosslyn 

1803 Philip Earl of Hardwicke 

1804 Right Hon. Sir William Scott 

— Right Hon. George Rose 

1805 George Earl of Macartney » 
— — Alleyne Lord St. Helens 



v. Lord Charles Cavendish. 
v. Daniel Wray, Esq. 
v. Matthew Duane, Esq. 
v. Earl of Northumberland. 
v. Thomas Tyrwhitt, Esq* 
v. Gustavus Brander, Esq. 
v. Mr. William Watson. 
v. Earl of Hardwicke. 
v. Earl of Bute. 
v. Earl of Besborough. 
v. Lord Sandys. 
v. Rev. C. M. Cracherode. 
v. Sir W. Musgrave, Bart. 
x\ Rt Hon. Fred. Montagu. 
v. Hans Sloane, Esq. ap- 
pointed a family Trustee. 
x). Sir W. Hamilton, K. B. 
v. Thomas Astle, Esq. 
v. Charles Townley, Esq. 
v. Earl of Rosslyn. 



II. OFFICERS. 

1. SUCCESSION. 
Principal Librarians. 

1756 Gowin Knight, M. B. 
1772 Mutthew Maty, M. D. - - - v. Gowin Knight, deceased. 
1776 Charles Morton, M. D. - - v. Matth. Maty, deceased. 
1799 Joseph Planta, Esq. * ■ . * v. Chas. Morton, deceased. 



[ 123 ] 



Under Librarians* 



Succession. 

1756 Charles Morton, M. D. 
• James Empson, Esq. 



Matthew Maty, M. D. - 

1765 Rev. Samuel Harper, M. A. 
Dr. Maty, - 

1773 Daniel Charles Solander, M. D. 
1776 Joseph Planta, Esq. 
1782 Rev. Paul Henry Maty, M. A. 
1787 Edward Whitaker Gray, M. D. 
1799 Rev. Robert Nares, M. A. - 
1803 Rev. William Beloe, M. A. • 



Manuscript Department. 
Natural History Depart- 
ment. 

Library of Printed Books. 
v. J. Empson, deceased. 
v. S. Harper, removed to 

the Printed Books. 
v. Dr. Maty, promoted. 
v. Dr. Morton, promoted. 
v. Dr. Solander, deceased. 
v. P. H. Maty, deceased. 
v. J. Planta, promoted. 
v. S. Harper, deceased. 



Assistant Librarians. 



1756 Henry Rimius, Esq. - 

■ Rev. Samuel Harper, M. A. - 

* Andrew Gilford, D. D. 

William Hudson, Esq. - 

1758 Rev. Andrew Planta, M. A. - 
1765 D. C. Solander, M. D, 

1773 John Obadiah Justamond, Esq. 

Joseph Planta, Esq. - 

1776 Rev. Paul Henry Maty, M. A. - 
1778 Edward Whitaker Gray, M. D. 

1782 Rev. Charles Godfrey Woide, LL. D. 
1784 Rev. Richard Southgate, M. A. - 
1787 Rev. Samuel Ayscough, - 
1791 Rev. S. Ayscough, removed to the 
Printed Books, 

George Shaw, M. D. 

1795 Rev. Robert Nares, M. A. 



Natural History. 
Printed Books. 
Manuscripts. 
v. H. Rimius, deceased. 
v. W. Hudson, resigned. 
v. A. Planta, removed 

the Printed Books. 
v. Dr. Solander, promoted. 
v. A. Planta, deceased. 
v. Joseph Planta, promoted 
v. J. O. Justamond, dis 

missed. 
v. P. H. Maty, promoted. 
v. A. Gifford, deceased. 
v. Dr. Gray, promoted. 

v. Dr. Woide, deceased. 
v. Dr. Woide, deceased. 
v. R. Southgate. 



te 



[ 129 J 



1799 Rev. Thomas Maurice, M. A. 
1803 Taylor Combe, M. A. 
1805 Henry Ellis, LL.B. - 



v. R. Nares, promoted. 
v. R. Penneck, deceased. 
v. S. Ayscough, deceased. 



Keepers of the Reading Room. 

1758 Peter Templeman, M. D. 

1761 Rev. Richard Penneck, D. B. - - v. Dr.Templeman, resigned 
1803 The duties of this Office were made over to the Assistant Librarians. 
And in 1805 to the Under and Assistant Librarians. 



2. PERSONS IN OFFICE IN THE YEAR 1805. 

Years when 
appointed. 

Principal Librarian. Joseph Planta, Esq. - 1799. 
Who is likewise Expenditor. 

Under Librarians. 

Department of Manuscripts, — Rev. Robert Nares, M. A. - 1799. 

of Printed Books,— Rev. William Beloe, M. A. 1803. 

of Natural History, — Edw. Whitaker Gray, M.D. 1787. 

Assistant Librarians. 

Department of Manuscripts, — Rev. Thomas Maurice, M. A. 1799. 

_ of Printed Books,— Henry Ellis, LL. B. - - 1805. 

of Natural History,— George Shaw, M. D. - 1791. 

Keeper of Coins and Medals. Taylor Combe, M. A. - 1803. 

Extra Assistant in the Library. Horace Walpole Bedford, Esq. 1805. 

Secretary. Edward Whitaker Gray, M. D. - - 1787. 

Accountant. Mr. Richard Miles. ... 1787. 

Attendants. John Thompson. - 1803. 

Richard Sacheverell - - 1803. 

— Thomas Nicholls - - - - 1805. 



Printed by W. Bulmer and Co- 
Cleveland-Row, St. James's. 



OCT